In spring, the owners of private farmsteads start thinking about what kind of layers they should buy this year. Those who like highly productive egg crosses, know that these chickens are well carried up to a year and with a long light day, so they should be replaced with a new herd in the spring. If you buy an egg in February or chickens in March, then just in the summer you can get young layers that will faithfully provide the owner with eggs all summer.
More than 200 existing in the world of breeds of chickens are divided into three groups: egg direction, meat and egg and meat. Some of the breeds of chicken meat in the direction of the so-called "national selection": kohinquin and brahma. These breeds of chickens were valued at home for carrying eggs in the winter when there was a great need for this product.
The Zagorsk salmon breed of chickens is a very successful Soviet breed, ideally suited for the harsh conditions of Russia. A beginner who decides to take up kurovdstvom, but who does not know which breed to choose, can be safely recommended to Zagora chickens. Bred on the basis of crossing four breeds at the Institute of Poultry, located in the city of Sergiev Posad, this breed has become one of the most successful breeds of Soviet chickens.
Breed legbar is rare. In the 1930s, Michael Pease and Reginald Pennet, scientists and breeders from the Genetic Institute of the University of Cambridge, were engaged in breeding chickens with autosex properties (the ability to determine the sex of chickens by the color of fluff at the age of one day), but at the same time, the chickens differed in high egg production.
Breed of chickens Minorca come from the island of Menorca, which is located in the Mediterranean and belongs to Spain. The local breeds of the hens of the island of Menorca interbred with each other, resulting in a breed that had an egg direction. The eggs were very large and tasty. During the British occupation at the beginning of the 18th century, the Minorcan chickens were taken to Britain.
The breed of chickens Plymouth is known from the middle of the XIX century, its name comes from the American city of Plymouth and ang. Rock - rock. The main features were laid in the process of crossing Dominican, Javanese, Kokhinkha and Langshan breeds of chickens with cocks from Spain. Only in 1910, the Association of Poultry of America secured officially signs of the breed.
Kuchinsky anniversary breed of chickens - the achievement of domestic breeders. Breeding work began in the 1950s and is still under way. The main focus of the work is the improvement of the productive characteristics of the Kuchinsky breed. Priority areas in breeding are: improving the quality of eggs and shells, the viability of chickens and adults, reducing feed costs without changing product quality, improving the quality of poultry aimed at producing offspring.
The origin of the Master Gray chickens is hidden by a veil of secrecy. There are two versions explaining where this meat and egg cross came from. Some believe that these chickens were bred in France, others that Hubbard company bred them in Hungary. In which country, indeed, the breed was unknown is unknown, because the affiliation of the company Hubbard is covered in mystery.
How to breed a new breed? Take two different breeds, cross each other, compile the names of the original rocks, patent the name. Done! Congratulations! You brought a new breed of animals. Laughing is laughter, but in the United States of America there is indeed a practice of calling a double-bred mixture of animals the compiled name of the two original breeds, even if it is a cross between the first generation and the parents of the "new" breed live in your house.
Tuxedo quail is obtained by crossing English black and white quails. The result is a new breed of birds with an unusual coloring that attracts the eyes: a dark brown back and white neck, breast and lower body. It resembles a tuxedo, hence the name of the breed. img "alt =" Smoky quail "src =" smokingovij-perepel.
Leghorn chickens are descended from places located on the shores of the Mediterranean in Italy. The port of Livorno gave its name to the breed. In the XIX century, the leggorn were in America. Crossing with a black minorca, with fighting hens, Japanese decorative hens gave the result in the form of consolidation of such qualities of the breed as egg production and the rapid maturation of the young.
The medium-sized golden bird, which recently appeared on the farmsteads of poultry farmers, quickly won the hearts of quail lovers and farmers who grow this species of birds for dietary meat and eggs. It is difficult to say which direction the Manchurian quails belong to, since their body weight is small compared to Texas broilers, but more so than the egg-bearing quail breeds.
One of the best egg-bearing quail breeds: Japanese quail - it came to the USSR from Japan in the middle of the last century. It was from the country from which this breed was brought into the Union that quail got its name. The Japanese breed of quail, derived from the type "quail", is the ancestor of all other cultural breeds that have arisen either as a result of fixation of random mutations, or due to the selection of the desired trait.
In recent years, breeding quails has become very popular. Compact size, fast growth, meat of excellent quality and very healthy eggs are only common advantages of breeding this bird. Due to the growing popularity of quail, many breeds of both meat and egg breeds were bred. One of the strongest beef breeds is Texas white quail.
Breeding goats in our country is more preferable to dairy breeds. Goat milk is very useful, it is much more efficiently absorbed by the human body, but has its own specific taste. One of the famous dairy breeds is the Alpine goat breed. Characteristics of the breed The origin of these animals has French roots, which were diluted with the Zaanensky and Toggenburg breeds.
Chickens are the most common animals in the household. Farmers from all over the world raise chickens for meat and eggs. Today, there are more than 180 breeds of chickens, 52 of which are in demand in Russia. All existing breeds can be divided into 5 groups: meat; egg; meat-egg; fighting; decorative.
In our country, the breeding of goats - this is something frivolous. Immediately, an old woman appears in a white kerchief, in which there is one milk goat and a couple of kids. In other parts of the world, they are doing this seriously, breeding new breeds of goats, whose characteristics are much better than ordinary purebred animals. img "alt =" Boer goats "src =" / wp-content / uploads / userfiles / 721_1.
The goat was one of the very first tamed by man for the sake of milk and meat of animals. The cattle, though tamed, were much more willing to use it as a pet. In ancient Greece, bulls were highly valued, but only as a force on arable land. Kose, on the other hand, was assigned a more honorable role as a wet nurse.
The quails of the Pharaoh breed are a classic example of the breeding of a new breed by means of an exceptionally long selection selection of Japanese quail for the desired trait without adding any "foreign" blood. The official version of the appearance of this breed of quail: the need for the culinary industry in larger quail carcasses.
Breed of goats, which is not yet widespread in Russia. But it causes interest and close attention of breeders and farmers. The history of the Nubian or Anglo-Nubian breed leads from the African goats from the Nubian Desert region. Hence the name of the breed. The English farmers, taking as a basis the genetic material of goats from extremely arid regions of Africa, crossed with local, Swiss and Indian breeds.
The unpretentiousness and small size of the goats makes these animals attractive for breeding on the farm. The main advantage is hypoallergenic milk with excellent nutritional qualities. To improve the species characteristics of breeders for many years, all new breeds are bred.