Carrots are one of the most sought-after vegetable crops in garden plots. The main problem is the need to weed shoots. Otherwise, the roots will not receive free space for growth. Simple and affordable methods help sow carrots in order not to thin out.
Before planting carrot seeds are recommended to be processed. This will improve their germination.
The following seed treatment methods are most effective:
- a room for a day in warm water;
- boiling water treatment;
- etching with a solution of manganese or boric acid;
- cold hardening of seeds (done after soaking until germs appear).
Before processing, seed is stored in a dry place, protected from moisture and light.
Carrots prefer loamy and sandy soils. The beds are located on flat areas, illuminated by the sun. Every year a new place is chosen for sowing. Re-landing on the previous site is allowed only after 4 years.Tip! Carrots grow well in the beds, where tomatoes, legumes, potatoes, greens, and cabbage used to be planted.
Peat or humus is used for top dressing.
The beds under the carrot dig in the fall. In the spring, the procedure is repeated. With the manual method of planting, they make furrows 5 cm wide and 2 cm deep. Then sand and fertilizer are introduced into the soil.
The best ways to plant carrots, so as not to thin out
Landing a pinch
The easiest is the manual landing method. First, the bed is divided into furrows. A distance of 20 cm is left between rows. Before sowing it is recommended to pour peat and sand into the furrows obtained.
Planting is done manually. Seeds of carrots are taken in the palm and lowered one by one into the grooves in the garden. Between each plant leave a few centimeters. This is the simplest, but laborious method of landing.
Crop on tape
To plant carrots on a ribbon, you need to purchase special material for planting in the garden shop. For these purposes, fit loose paper, including toilet paper. The material is cut into strips up to 2 cm wide. The length of the strips should be enough for the whole bed.
Seeds are applied to paper using a paste. It can be made independently with the help of water and starch. The spot-on paste is applied to the strips at intervals of 2-3 cm. Then, carrot seeds are superimposed on them.Attention! You can add fertilizer to the adhesive to provide the seed with an influx of nutrients.
The tape is placed in the prepared furrows and covered with earth. So, the economical consumption of carrot seeds is ensured. Between shoots the same distance is maintained, which will save the gardener from thinning the beds.
Start preparing for sowing on the tape can be in the winter. The resulting bands are folded and left until spring.
Landing on paste
You can plant carrot seeds on paste without using tape or other devices. To prepare the composition will need a spoonful of flour and a liter of water. The components are simmered and then cooled to 30 degrees.
Then the seeds are placed in the paste, and the mixture is filled with a plastic bottle. The pasteur with seeds is poured into the prepared wells. This method of planting will additionally protect plants from diseases. Planted carrots ripen ahead of time and will be more juicy.
Sowing in bags
Seeds of carrots should be placed in a bag of cloth. After the snow cover disappears, it is placed in the ground several centimeters deep. After a few weeks, the first shoots of carrots will appear, and then you can get them and make a full fit.
Germinated plants are much more convenient to plant in the furrows, providing free space between them. As a result, it is not necessary to thin the plants, and the bed will be completely filled with shoots.
Planting with the egg grille
Using the grid from the eggs allows you to create even holes at the same distance from each other. To do this, take a plastic or paper form in which eggs are sold.Important! It is better to put two gratings into each other in order to get a more durable and convenient device.
The grate is pressed into the ground over the entire surface of the bed, after which even holes are formed. In each of them you need to put two or three seeds.
The advantages of this method include the uniform germination of carrot seeds without the need for thinning. However, the seeds are planted by hand, which requires a lot of time and effort.
River sand planting
Two tablespoons of carrot seeds are added to the bucket with river sand. To improve the germination of the resulting mixture, you can add a little water. Seeds, mixed with sand, sow in the grooves in the garden, then apply a layer of soil.Attention! The presence of sand in the soil retains heat, moisture and stimulates the development of carrot seeds.
Sandy soil contains more air, which improves the effect of mineral fertilizers.
This method will not provide the same distance between the seedlings of carrots. However, it does not require careful preparation of furrows. Too thick shoots can then be thinned.
On the same bed different cultures get along well: carrots and radishes. If you mix the seeds of these plants and add river sand, you get a ready mix for planting. It is placed in the grooves in the garden, then covered with a layer of earth and watered.Important! Instead of radish, you can use lettuce or spinach seeds, which germinate much earlier than carrots.
First comes the radish, which quickly grows and is used on the kitchen table. After harvesting, there is plenty of room for carrot growth. This method makes it possible to grow two types of vegetables on the same bed, which is especially important for small areas.
Using the planter
Automate the process of landing help special devices. Manual seeders have the simplest design. Seeds are poured into a separate compartment of the cabin, equipped with wheels. Loosening of the soil is made by blades located on the wheels. The device moves by the handles.
The seeder has several advantages:
- ensures the penetration of seeds to a given depth;
- the seed is evenly distributed over the ground;
- seed consumption is controlled;
- it is not required to prepare the furrows and cover the seeds with a layer of earth;
- the material is not damaged;
- the sowing process is accelerated by 5-10 times.
Commercially used self-propelled seeders working from a power source. For the garden site suitable manual device that can be selected by photo and size. Universal models are used for sowing carrots and other crops.
Seeds in granules
It is much more convenient to plant carrot seeds enclosed in pellets. The coated seed has a nutrient shell. Due to the large size they are convenient to use when landing. When released into the soil, the shell dissolves, and the plants receive additional feeding.Attention! The coated seeds are distinguished by their rapid germination.
Restrictions on how to plant carrots enclosed in granules, does not exist. Any methods, manual and automated, are suitable for this.
Although pelleted seeds are more expensive than usual, all costs are offset by convenient use. Such material is completely ready for sowing and does not require processing.
Regardless of the method chosen after sowing, carrots need watering. The provision of moisture should be permanent. Watering the seedlings is better in the evening when the water warms up in the sun.
When using special methods of planting carrots weeding is not required. It is enough to loosen the soil several times to improve the air exchange and the penetration of moisture.
As it grows, carrots need feeding. An influx of nutrients will provide organic fertilizer. Useful for this culture, nitrogen, phosphate, potash supplements.
Carrots require thinning several times per season. To avoid this time-consuming procedure helps the correct method of landing. Certain methods require special training and additional costs. However, the costs are offset by the time saved on weeding. The easiest method is to use sand or other types of seeds. For planting carrots in large areas it is recommended to purchase a seeder.