Cucumber is a very thermophilic vegetable crop, loving sunlight and a mild climate. The Siberian climate is not very pampered by this plant, especially if cucumbers are planted in open ground. This problem prompted the sectionalists to create varieties that endure cold and other weather disasters in Siberia. This article describes how these varieties are and how such vegetables are grown.
What is special about Siberian cucumbers
The big gardener will not see big external differences in these vegetables. As they say, it is a cucumber in Africa and a cucumber, the same green fruit with a pimply or smooth surface and a characteristic aroma. The peculiarity of the variety for Siberia lies in its endurance. Homeland cucumbers are considered subtropical zones with a warm climate. For many years, culture has wandered around the world, having developed immunity to more severe weather conditions. A great contribution to the survival rate of cucumbers was made by breeders.
Varieties for Siberia are mainly hybrids. Resistance to cold they are genetically vaccinated. The breeders took all the best qualities of simple cucumbers, such as fertility, survival, disease resistance, self-pollination, and gathered it all in one particular variety. So it turned out hybrids. Without requiring the participation of bees, cucumber flowers are self-pollinated, yielding good yields in the harsh climate of Siberia.
The variety of hybrids is great, however, numerous reviews on the forums indicate a greater demand for early cucumbers. Such varieties are most often requested in seed shops. This is due to the fact that a short summer is peculiar to Siberia and the vegetable planted on the open ground should have time to produce fruit during this time.
One such example is the Siberian Yard hybrid. Cucumber seeds germinate quickly, allowing you to harvest an early harvest. Fruits are in demand for conservation because of the peel peculiarities to absorb brine in parts. The pulp is salted evenly, giving the vegetable a pleasant taste.
If the open ground was infected last year with sick cucumbers or an outbreak of the disease is observed in the neighboring area, it is better to plant the hybrid "Herman". Its fruits are great for conservation.
Ideal for a short summer of Siberia cucumbers "Murom". The plant can be planted directly into the ground or greenhouse. A maximum of six weeks later, the first early harvest will appear.Important! To distinguish the seeds of hybrids on the package can be on the designation "F1". However, you need to know that they are suitable for one-time landing. Independently collect seeds from mature cucumbers for breeding is impossible. The plants grown from them will not yield.
Siberian cucumber varieties
Ideal for Siberia are varieties that have passed the state analysis. Such plants are zoned for certain regions, and you can be confident in their good fruiting.
The best options are varieties bred right in Siberia:
- The bee-pollinating variety "Firefly" in the North Caucasus region yields 133-302 centners per hectare. It goes well in conservation. The minus of the variety is susceptibility to bacteriosis and powdery mildew.
- Mid-season vegetable "F1 Brigantine" in the West Siberian region yields 158-489 centners per hectare. Bee pollinating hybrid brings the fruits of universal purpose.
- The early variety "Smak" in the West Siberian region gives yields of 260-453 c / ha. The plant belongs to the bee-pollinated. Purpose cucumber - universal.
- Hybrid "Champion Sedok" in the Central Chernozem and West Siberian regions produces 270-467 centners per hectare. The plant belongs to the parthenocarpic type. Purpose cucumber - universal.
- The early variety "Serpentine" in the West Siberian region yields 173-352 centners per hectare, and in the Central Black Earth region - 129-222 centners / hectare. Bee pollinating plant brings the fruits of universal purpose.
- Hybrid "F1 Apogee" bred specifically for open ground. In the West Siberian region, cucumber gives yields of 336–405 q / ha. Early bee pollinating plant brings the fruits of universal purpose.
All these and other varieties suitable for Siberia are listed in the State Register. The seeds of such cucumbers are prepared for a cold climate and are endowed with immunity to resuspension and bacteriosis.
Good varieties of cucumbers, according to gardeners
For the open ground of Siberia, many varieties of cucumbers have been developed. Everyone chooses the best option for himself, however, there are varieties that fall in love with all gardeners.
Siberian summer is very short and is often accompanied by nightly coolness, which adversely affects the thermophilic cucumber. Not everyone can afford a greenhouse to enjoy fresh cucumbers for a long time, so you have to adapt on open ground.
To create a favorable growth conditions for a cucumber, you need to know the characteristics of this plant:
- Until the average daily temperature drops below 15aboutC, the plant will develop intensively. With a cold snap, cucumber growth will slow down.
- The roots are most sensitive to cold, even to some extent larger than the stems. The root itself is weak and grows on the surface layer of the soil. However, it tends to increment new branches.
- The plant stems form knots. It can simultaneously form: flowers of female and male type, tendril, side lash and leaf. With increased humidity, a young plant may form from each formed organ.
- Seedlings and adult plants need to be fed. The nutrient concentration of a mature plant is 1%, and for young stock it is 0.2%.
- As for the soil, the acidity below pH 5.6 is detrimental to cucumber. Loamy soils prevent the root system from developing well, which leads to a weak absorption of moisture. Naturally, the yield of cucumber will be late.
Having decided on the cultivation of cucumbers in the open field should definitely take care of the film shelter. The preparation of the soil cushion is also important. It is made from a mixture of manure with hay or straw. From above the pillow is covered with soil, on which seedlings will be planted in the future.
More about Siberian families
To present the general picture of the Siberian cucumber varieties, let's take a look at popular families:
- Varieties of the "fruit" family usually have fruits with a length from 15 to 20 cm with a smooth skin. Used for salads, but some varieties can be lightly salted. Vivid representatives of this family: "Fruit", "April", "Gift", "Spring caprice", etc.
- The "alligator" family resembles zucchini yields. Landing 5 bushes is enough for an average family. Cucumbers are also called Chinese and are most often used for salads, but even salted is possible. Bright representatives of the family: "Elizabeth", "Alligator", "Catherine", "Beijing Delicious", etc.
- Varieties of the "albino" family grow well in the open ground of Siberia. Vegetable unusually pale color has excellent taste. Sometimes a cucumber is called Japanese.
- Gherkins - ideal for conservation. The length of the fetus does not exceed 12 cm. Representatives of the family: "Gerda", "Quartet", "Boris", "Friendly family", etc.
- German varieties are good for conservation. Their fruits are covered with pimples, between which spines are located. When salting through damaged spikes, salt penetrates into the pulp. Representatives of the family: "Raisin", "Bidretta", "Primadonna", "Libell".
- Mini gherkins are created for real gourmets who love small pickled cucumbers. Pikuli canned one-day, up to 4 cm. Bright representatives for Siberia: "Son of the Regiment", "Boy Scout", "Spring", "Filippok".
The work of breeders is constantly continuing, each time there are new varieties of cucumbers, including for the Siberian region.