The subject of today's article: features of raspberry Brilliant: variety description, cultivation. Raspberries - perennial shrub plant. The plant and its unique properties are known since ancient times. As a garden crop, raspberries began to be cultivated in Europe, starting in the 16th century. Wild raspberry is also known, but its cultural varieties are among the favorite ones among amateur gardeners and among professionals. Each berry weighs an average of 4 g and consists of about a hundred stone kernels. What explains the popularity of raspberries?
The benefits of raspberries
Raspberry berries have a pleasant taste and aroma. The popularity of culture is also due to its remarkable useful properties.
Useful properties of raspberry berries:
- Neutralization in the body of free radicals, which prevents damage to cellular structures and the emergence of tumors. Raspberry inhibits the growth of malignant cells due to ellagic acid (the strongest anticarcinogen).
- The high content of salicylic acid in the berries contributes to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
- Improved vascular patency from the consumption of berries.
- Regular consumption of raspberry berries reduces the likelihood of vision loss in the elderly.
- The pronounced anti-aging effect of raspberry berries.
- Thanks to vitamin C, which is abundantly contained in raspberries, the body's immunity is strengthened. Increases resistance to bacterial and viral infections. Anthocyanins contained in berries, in addition, have a pronounced antifungal effect.
- Despite the high sugar content, the consumption of raspberries does not cause an increase in blood sugar levels. Therefore, raspberry berries are useful for diabetics.
- Raspberry berries - a great helper for those who are struggling with excess weight.
- Raspberry has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic effect. The famous tea with dried raspberry berries for colds is a clear evidence of the benefits of these berries. For the same reason, the berries are useful for people suffering from joint pain.
Raspberry leaf tea is useful for everyone, but especially for pregnant and lactating women. He, like berries, reduces the manifestation of toxicosis in pregnant women, improves lactation, contributes to a more rapid recovery of women after childbirth.
With all its wonderful qualities, raspberries are very unpretentious, grows well and bears fruit even with minimal attention. However, proper care makes it possible to achieve excellent yields of berries and avoid the destruction of bushes and berries by pests and diseases.
Raspberry Brilliant: Description
The raspberry variety "Brilliant" was bred by employees of the Siberian Horticultural Research Institute.
The basis of the variety is brilliant raspberry variety:
- Malling Landmark.
The variety is distinguished by increased winter hardiness, drought resistance, low susceptibility to fungal infections and pests. The declared frost resistance of raspberries is -34 degrees. In fact, crimson bushes can withstand much lower temperatures (according to gardeners, and 45 degrees of frost is far from the limit). Raspberry Brilliant is unpretentious in the care, the bushes tolerate adverse weather conditions. Variety universal purpose. The plant is medium thick (up to 1.5 m), with elastic shoots of average power.Attention! Raspberry is convenient to collect, because the spikes on the shoot are located only in the lower part.
The berries are large in size (the mass of one is from 2.5 to 5.5 g). The flesh is dense, dark red "ruby" saturated color, glossy-shiny (hence the name). Raspberry "Brilliant" successfully grown not only in Siberia, but also in other regions of the country. Berry ripening is August. Berry picking is done in 5-6 stages. An important advantage of the variety is that the berries do not fall from the bush. At the same time, they are very easy to tear off from the bush. Variety tolerates transportation of berries over long distances.
Brilliant variety - universal. The pleasant sweet and sour taste of raspberries, delicate aroma, a high percentage of sugar and vitamins make the berries quite suitable for fresh consumption and for making jams, compotes.
To buy saplings of raspberry Brilliant (as well as other varieties) should be in proven, well-established farms. Seedlings purchased from questionable sellers will not give you a full appreciation of all the advantages of the variety.
Raspberry bushes can be planted both in spring and autumn (September-October) time. Raspberry is photophilous, so under the raspberries you need to allocate a plot, well lit by the sun. If you choose a shady corner, the young stems on the bushes are strongly drawn out, shading the fruit. Naturally, a good harvest from the variety in this situation can not be expected.
There are no strict regulations regarding the soil. Raspberry bushes feel great on black soil and on loamy soils. More soil reaction requirements. The optimal pH value for planting raspberry bushes is 5.7-6.5.
Raspberries grow poorly both in lowlands and on an elevated site. In the lowlands water stagnates, and on a steep slope the bushes will dry out. The best option is a flat area. In a pinch with a slight bias.Attention! Raspberries can grow on the same plot for up to 10 years. In the future, you need to find a new place for it.
Favorable for planting raspberries are legumes and cereals. A solanaceous (tomatoes, eggplants, peppers) for the subsequent planting of bushes are not suitable categorically.
If you plan to plant raspberries at the dacha, you can plant bushes in the penumbra at the fence or near the outbuildings. Will grow well, verified. On the traditional “six hundred square meters” you don’t even go crazy, so you have to save space. The advantage of such a location of raspberries is also in the fact that in winter time these places are swept up better by snow. The risk of freezing raspberry bushes is much less.
Another requirement is for groundwater. The high location of the underground water raspberry does not tolerate. The harvest will be poor, and the bushes will die off quickly.
The procedure for the autumn and spring planting raspberry bushes is no different, but the preparation is slightly different.
For spring planting, do the following:
- In advance (preferably in the fall) add ash and humus to the soil.
- Before planting, clean the soil from weeds.
- Prepare the pit for planting, so that the root of the plant fits freely in the hole.
- The interval between the pits should be not less than 0.5 m. The minimum distance between rows is 1.5. Bushes grow quickly, so more distance is needed so that the plants do not overwhelm each other.
If the area of the site allows, you can plant bushes in a checkerboard pattern.
This is the next stage of the "preventive examination" after the spring revision. For a garter, install a trellis (at a height of approximately 70 and 120 cm). Tie shoots raspberries need in two places. To do this, use hemp twine or soft textile ribbons. Bind the bush is not very tight, if only he did not fall down.
This is a late spring care. Pruning is needed during the period when buds are blooming. Pruned all shoots, to the first full bud. This also applies to unfrozen tops. Pruning stimulates abundant fruiting and the formation of lateral shoots.
Dig the soil in the spring raspberry should not be. The roots of raspberry bushes lie shallow (20-30 cm), so digging can damage the root system.Attention! They dig up land between the rows in the fall, and in the spring they limit themselves to mulching.
As mulch, you can use compost, humus, peat or rotted hay. Before you mumble the soil, you need to deeply loosen it and water the plants. With this approach, the roots of raspberries do not dry out, the soil remains fertile, and the plants get the full set of nutrients.
Features of summer care
Summer care for raspberries is the timely watering, loosening the soil between the rows and weeding weeds under the bushes. In addition, you need to promptly remove yellowed and dried leaves. Shoots that have appeared in the summer, you need to remove, leaving a little for rasinivaniya rasasyvaniya.
Autumn care for raspberries
At the end of the harvest, raspberries should be sprayed with an insect repellent. In addition, in the autumn you need to remove from the bushes all the old vines and weak shoots. Mulch must be removed and replaced with a new one. At the same time, you need to make potash fertilizer (according to the instructions). After 2 weeks, you need to tie the bushes in bunches and bend down to the ground. So, you can avoid the freezing of living kidneys.