Many gardeners prefer to grow cucumbers. This delicious, fragrant, self-grown vegetable appears on the summer cottage one of the first. In order for the crop of cucumbers to please, it is important to plant seeds or seedlings in the ground according to certain rules.
The main characteristic of cucumber
Cucumber is an annual plant belonging to the class of dicotyledons, the pumpkin family. India is considered the birthplace of this vegetable. Many gardeners prefer to plant cucumbers with seeds rather than seedlings. Cucumbers have a rough stalk. With the help of antennae the plant is hooked on the support, stretches upwards. Cucumbers have multi-seeded fruits that differ in size, shape, color. Cucumber seeds are white or cream, flat in shape.
Conditions for the full growth of cucumbers
Cucumbers can be planted in open ground, provided that all the conditions, terms, methods of cultivation are met:
- it is possible to plant cucumbers in the ground that is not covered with foil only after the frosts have passed;
- for increase in productivity, a lane is used;
- cucumbers give excellent yield on sunny plots of land;
- Do not plant in the wind.
How to plant cucumber seeds in open ground
Professionals recommend planting cucumbers on plots of land on which tomatoes or cabbage were grown in the last summer season. Carrots, potatoes, peppers, onions can be considered as precursors.Attention! It is impossible to plant cucumbers in the soil in which pumpkin crops ripened in the previous season: watermelons, melons.
Rules for the preparation of planting material and seeds of cucumbers
How to prepare seeds for planting in open ground? This question worries summer residents, so it deserves close attention. Otherwise it will be difficult to count on a big harvest. Selection of seeds, as well as their planting in the ground, are carried out according to certain rules. What should be the seeds? How should they be properly planted in the ground? What to consider when choosing a planting material? Modern technology for selecting seeds and growing cucumbers should take into account the following points:
- duration of ripening (early, medium, late varieties);
- hybrid seeds are less exposed to various diseases, but you cannot get your own planting material from them;
- consider the purpose of growing plants. For example, there are varieties that are designed for pickling, they are not suitable for making salads;
- consideration of soil features, climatic parameters of the area
Cucumber seeds have an average shelf life of five to six years if they are stored in a room in which the air temperature is in the range of 2 to 25 degrees. The maximum yield, they retain only two or three years.
The technological process of growing plants in the open field involves the preliminary preparation of seeds for planting, it is carried out at home. To begin with, the cucumber seeds are sorted. Choose the largest seeds, immerse them in a weak solution of salt, shake, soak in it for 10-15 minutes.
Further disinfection of planting material. Those seeds that, after immersion in saline solution, float, are removed. The remaining at the bottom is washed, then placed for 30 minutes in a one percent solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate), thoroughly washed. Next, they must be left for a few hours in a solution of wood ash, and then completely dried. The next step is to warm the seeds. To do this, you can use the stove or battery. For complete drying of the seeds of cucumber is quite enough days.
Dried seeds must be germinated before they are planted in unprotected soil. For germination, it is desirable to use fabric bags. They put the seeds of cucumbers, then put them in a container in which there is a weak solution of nitrogen fertilizer. After 10-12 hours they are washed, the seeds are laid out on a damp cotton wool or a rag, covered with a cloth on top.Attention! In the process of germination, it is important to keep the temperature in the room not lower than 23 degrees. Swollen, but not germinated, seeds are suitable for planting.
As soon as a small spine appears, it is necessary to start planting the plant in a pot for seedlings or for planting in unprotected soil. It all depends on the climatic characteristics of the region, as well as on the temperature regime. If there are no morning frosts, and the average daily temperature is not lower than 15 degrees, you can safely plant the sprouted seeds directly into the prepared soil. With lower air temperature indicators, we do not recommend to risk, it is better to leave the cucumbers in the balcony boxes "until better times."
In order to speed up the process of growing delicious and aromatic cucumbers in the unprotected soil of the film, use seedlings. Interesting and useful tips and recommendations regarding the cultivation of cucumbers are presented in the video clip:
In this case, the "seedlings" need to be prepared at home. For healthy and dense plants, they must be illuminated by sunlight for at least 12 hours. For seedlings, small containers will be required, for example, paper bags from under kefir or milk. They need to be filled with a mixture of peat and soil from the infield or use ready-made humus. Sow seeds about three centimeters deep in the prepared ground. On average, it will take about a month to produce viable seedlings. Before moving on to planting cucumber plants in unclosed ground, check that there are 3-4 leaves on the cucumber plant, dense roots form.
Marinated gherkins, pickles, delicious cucumber jam - this is not a complete list of those dishes, the main component of which is a regular cucumber. In order for the efforts spent on growing seedlings, germinating seeds, were not in vain, and you got a wonderful crop of cucumbers, take seriously the advice and recommendations that were offered. The soil itself, in which you plan to put the planting material, also needs special training. The soil is carefully dug, adding as a fertilizer a mixture of wood tar and dolomite flour.