Cucumbers appeared in our life for a long time. This vegetable in Russia was known in the VIII century, and India is considered to be its birthplace. Cucumber seedlings grown on the balcony, then planted in a greenhouse or in open ground. Let's talk about the basic rules of planting cucumbers with seeds and using seedlings so that the resulting crop meets all your expectations.
Features of planting cucumbers
Cucumbers can be grown in special cassettes, planted in pots, or immediately planted on a bed of seeds of this plant.Attention! Any method of growing cucumbers involves planting in the soil only after it warms up.
To increase the yield of cucumbers, certain nutrients are required. For example, cucumber seedlings in the middle lane are planted in early June.
The option of planting seed cucumbers
Planting seeds and growing cucumber seedlings in cassettes requires certain theoretical knowledge. Let's talk about the basic rules of growing seedlings, some of the intricacies of this process.
If you decide not to waste time on cucumber seedlings, do not look for pots under it, and immediately plant the seeds in the soil, do not forget that you have to work hard.Tip! Before planting, select cucumber seeds. Only full-fledged and large seeds can produce a good crop of cucumbers.
Before planting, they must be processed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (manganese permanganate) in order to protect against various diseases. Next, cucumber seeds are placed in a container of water for several minutes. All empty cucumber seeds float, they need to be removed. The remaining seeds are germinated by placing in pots or another container, or immediately planted in open ground.
Before the direct planting of seeds or seedlings of cucumbers, it is necessary to pay attention to the preparation of the soil. We decided to use seeds for growing cucumbers? In this case, warm them up before planting using a gauze bag. Hang it along with the landing material above the battery or near a warm stove. Do not forget that the cucumber is considered a heat-loving plant. Its seeds are able to germinate at a temperature not lower than 12 degrees. In the ground seeds of cucumbers plant at a depth of 2 centimeters. It is necessary in the process of sowing to take into account the fact that in the process of growth there is a growth of shoots. Try not to sow them at a slight distance from each other. If planting is carried out with the help of seedlings, this problem practically does not arise.
Tip! If seeds are chosen for planting, it is better to put 2-3 seeds in one well. In this case, you do not risk being left without a crop.
Similar problems do not arise if, instead of cucumber seeds, quality seedlings are taken. This option is convenient for those who are willing to look for pots for seedlings, to spend time courting cucumber shoots. There is a small risk that the crop will be of poor quality if the seedlings are not grown properly. There are certain difficulties in the process of growing at home cucumber seedlings. First of all, you need to take into account that this plant has a rather fragile root system, therefore, in the process of transplanting cucumber seedlings into the soil, there is a risk of damaging the root system. In this case, the plant will die, and you will not wait for the desired cucumbers.
Tip! To avoid such situations, you can immediately plant the seeds in peat pots. When transplanting you do not have to disturb the root system of the plant.
In addition to peat pots, as containers for future cucumber seedlings, you can use cups from under yogurt, kefir, sour cream. By planting cucumber seeds in boxes, you will receive a significant saving of free space on the windowsill, but in the process of transplanting into the ground, the risk of breaking the fragile root system of plants increases, their survival rate decreases.
Professionals do not advise the use of bags of fermented milk products for seedlings, as they may contain bacteria that cause serious diseases at the roots of cucumber seedlings. The best option for seedlings are peat humus pots. They have porous walls, so the seed planted is provided with a full-fledged water-air regime. In addition, they can withstand changes in soil moisture, that is, you can water the plants without fear that the pot will leak. Interesting tips on planting seeds, cucumber seedlings, are presented in the video clip:
Planting a cucumber in the soil with a peat pot, you get a one hundred percent guarantee of seedling survival. In addition, the pot itself will serve as an excellent fertilizer for the developing plant; it will allow you to count not an early harvest. Gradually, the pot will decompose, and you do not have to remove it from the soil. Before sowing cucumber seeds, the pots are filled with a moisturized, moisturized soil, which is carefully compacted. Next, cucumber seeds are placed in prepared peat pots, then they are placed on pallets, a layer of gravel or on plastic wrap. Periodically, the seedlings are watered with water at room temperature.
Attention! It should not be allowed to dry in a peat pot of the soil, as this will lead to crystallization of the salts contained in the soil, and they can become dangerous for young cucumber shoots.
As the plants begin to grow, the seedlings are placed further apart from each other to ensure enough natural sunlight for each individual plant.
Characteristics of seedlings before planting in the ground
Before planting the plant in open ground, check to see if it meets certain requirements. In height, the plant should be at least 25 centimeters, on the trunk should be 4-5 full leaves. The seedling must be placed vertically, for this it is tied up to a special vertical support.
In the greenhouse or in the soil unprotected by the film, seedlings are planted only after the soil has been sufficiently heated by the sun's rays.
Features of soil preparation
Cucumbers can be grown on almost all types of soil, if the site has undergone sufficient aeration and high-quality drainage has been made. The best option for obtaining a good crop of cucumbers is the soil enriched with humus. The place on the site where you plan to plant prepared cucumber seedlings must also meet certain requirements. It is desirable that the year before the landing of cucumbers, pumpkin cultures (squash, pumpkin, zucchini) were not planted in this area. In this case, you will not allow the accumulation in the young seedlings of various pests, save the plants from numerous diseases.
Thanks to such measures, you will not only save your seedlings from pests, but also be able to count on an excellent harvest. If this is not possible, changing the landing site is allowed approximately once every five years. During the cultivation of cucumbers will need a systematic nutrition nutrients. Ideal for planting cucumber seedlings would be the soil in which cabbage and cereal crops were previously planted. The beds in which the plants will be planted must be carefully prepared in advance. The whole area is dug up about 25 centimeters deep, then manure is brought into the ground.
Attention! With organic fertilizer, you need to be careful, with an excessive amount of high risk of destroying the roots of the plant, the entire seedlings.
Manure taken at the rate of one bucket of humus per square meter. The following year, organic fertilizers are replaced by mineral fertilizers, then manure can be applied again. The bed is sprayed with a one-percent solution of copper sulphate, Then all the plants are removed from the soil, they get rid of the roots. Before digging, you can additionally prepare a mixture of a glass of dolomite flour and 2 spoons of superphosphate.Tip! It is best to make such a mixture in the soil in early spring.
Next, you can begin digging the area on one bayonet spade.
Ground insulation option
As soon as the soil is dug, it is leveled, watered with hot water. As an additional protection of soil from harmful bacteria, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate. Next, the bed is covered with plastic wrap, leave it under the film for several days.
Features care for seedlings
If we talk about the features of the care of the seedlings planted in the ground, then it is necessary to note the need for fertilizing, weeding, loosening the soil, watering. Professionals recommend feeding every two weeks. To do this, use a thick fresh mullein (organic fertilizer), 2-3 tablespoons of ammonium nitrate. After the flowering of cucumbers, it is necessary to feed them with potash fertilizers. Enough to prepare for four plants a liter of solution of any potassium salt. As soon as cucumbers begin to bloom abundantly, the seedlings must be fed with microfertilizers. Professionals recommend using a mixture of zinc sulphate (zinc hydrosulphate), manganese sulphate (manganese hydrosulphate), as well as minor amounts of boric acid for these purposes. The optimal time for the implementation of fertilizing cucumber seedlings is evening.
Attention! Try to avoid getting the prepared solution on the cucumber leaves, as this may cause a burn. It is necessary to water the prepared solution from the watering can, having a strainer.
After completing each watering, it is advisable to pour fertile soil under the plant roots. In this case, there is no need to carry out additional loosening of the soil. Since the root system of cucumbers is located only in the upper layer, with the classical loosening of the soil, the probability of damage to the roots of cucumbers is high. Loosening the soil is allowed only between individual beds. In order for cucumbers to give the desired yield, it is important to water the plants with warm water. It is best to pour water into the barrel in the morning so that she can fully warm up during the day.
Depending on the climate in your area, you can grow cucumber seedlings or plant seedlings immediately in open ground. Regardless of which option is chosen, it is important to comply with all basic requirements for growing, feeding, watering these heat-loving crops.
Particular attention should be paid to the selection of seeds. For example, hybrids allow you to get good yields, but they can not be used for re-planting. They do not like cucumbers, despite the fact that they include a huge amount of water and abundant watering. Instead of beautiful and tasty cucumbers, you will get long stems with huge leaves, but the number of fruits will be minimal.