Garden

What kind of cucumber is better to plant in the greenhouse

Recently, the weather is becoming more and more unpredictable and therefore it is possible to get a high yield of cucumbers, if you only plant them in a greenhouse.


At the moment, the market for seeds is represented by a huge number of varieties and hybrids intended for cultivation in greenhouses. Uninformed in this case, a person is quite difficult to navigate in this diversity. So, below are considered the best varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses and requirements for them.

Requirements for greenhouse cucumber varieties

Agrotechnics growing cucumbers in greenhouses is somewhat different from the agrotechnics open. Therefore, the requirements for varieties will be different. For growing in a greenhouse, preference should be given to hybrids that do not require additional formation, that is, their side rags have a limited growth and do not have to pinch. In the future, this will avoid unnecessary thickening, which can lead to outbreaks of diseases such as powdery mildew and stem rot.

The next thing you should pay attention to is the type of pollination. Parthenocarpic and self-pollinated hybrids give the best results in greenhouse cultivation.

Tip! In order for self-pollinated varieties to produce higher yields, the trellis with them must be periodically shaken.

Also, varieties for greenhouses must be resistant to most diseases, because the microclimate of the greenhouse strongly contributes to their occurrence. They also have to put up with high humidity, low light and temperature changes.

Classification of greenhouse cucumbers

All varieties and hybrids intended for protected ground for the purpose of Zelentsovo can be divided into 3 large groups:

  1. Salad, with a dense thin skin and sweetish pulp.
  2. For preservation, with a thin peel through which saline or marinade easily passes. A distinctive feature of this type is dark-beardedness and strong tuberculosis.
  3. Universal, suitable for fresh consumption and blanks.

Therefore, before choosing a seed, it is first necessary to determine the purpose of the future harvest. If you basically just eat fresh cucumbers, then you should choose salad varieties. If you need greens for pickling or salting, then preference should be given to canning, and if the plans include fresh produce and preservation, then universal ones are needed.

It is possible to classify Zelentsy in terms of ripening on:

  • Early, which, in turn, are divided into very early and medium early. The first fruits from them can be already received in a month from the moment of emergence of shoots. You need to sow them in several terms, since after 1.5 months they almost cease to bear fruit.
  • Mid-season. This group comes into fruition after early.
  • Late-ripening
Tip! Sowing cucumbers with different terms of ripening in the greenhouse you can continuously get fresh greens.

According to the type of pollination, this vegetable can be divided into parthenocarpic varieties and self-pollinated. Many vegetable growers mistakenly refer them to one group, which is absolutely not true. They differ from each other in that the former have no need for pollination, they have no seeds at all, and the latter have both the pistil and the stamen in one flower, so they can pollinate themselves. What they have in common is that they do not require insect pollinators to set greens.

Partenocarpic varieties

Every year, new varieties of parthenocarpic cucumbers appear on the seed market. Below, according to reviews of vegetable growers, the best of them are presented.

Title

Ripening

Purpose

Size of fruit in cm

Disease resistance

The location of the ovaries

Amur

Early maturing

Universal

15

Average

Bouquet

Emelya

Early maturing

Pickling

13-15

High

Bouquet

Hermann

Ultra early

Universal

8-10

High

Bouquet

Hercules

Early maturing

Universal

12-14

Average

Bouquet

Mother-in-law

Early maturing

Canning

11-13

High

Bouquet

Zyatek

Early maturing

Canning

9-11

High

Bouquet

Cheetah

Early maturing

Universal

11-13

High

Bouquet

Mazai

Ultra early

Universal

10-15

High

Bouquet

Trump card

Early

Universal

10-12

High

Bouquet

Grasshopper

Ultra early

Universal

10-12

High

Bouquet

Marinda

Early maturing

Universal

8-10

High

Bouquet

Courage

Early maturing

Universal

8-10

High

Bouquet

All varieties of parthenocapic cucumbers presented above are suitable for cultivation in greenhouse conditions.

Self-pollinated varieties

Among the large number of self-pollinated varieties it is very difficult to navigate, the table below presents the most popular ones.

Title

Ripening

Purpose

Size of fruit in cm

Disease resistance

The location of the ovaries

Zozulya

Early maturing

Universal

25

Average

Single

Matilda

Early maturing

Universal

10-12

Average

Bouquet

Gerda

Early maturing

Universal

8-10

High

Bouquet

Friendly family

Early maturing

Canned food

10-12

High

Bouquet

Ant

Early maturing

Universal

8-10

High

Bouquet

Self-pollinated hybrids are less fruitful compared with parthenocapichesky, but nevertheless with appropriate care, they are able to give a bountiful harvest.

Tip! Information about the type of pollination and the appointment of cucumbers is indicated on the package with seeds. If it is not there, then it can be found in the Register of varieties registered in Russia.

Seed Tips

Crop of cucumbers depends on the quality of the seeds. In order not to be mistaken in the process of selection and acquisition, one should adhere to the following recommendations:

  1. Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse is very different from their cultivation in the open field. Therefore, preference is given to varieties and hybrids intended for greenhouse.
  2. First of all, when buying seeds, choose hybrids. On the packaging they are labeled as. Under the same growing conditions, they will show a better result compared with varieties.
  3. Do not dwell only on one grade. You can buy several with similar requirements and plant them in one greenhouse. Then you will not be left without a harvest.
  4. Varieties with a non-pronounced branching have an advantage over those that clump strongly. They do not need additional formation.
  5. It is advisable to buy the seed material, which is zoned in your area.

Regardless of the variety, to obtain a good harvest is required to comply with the agrotechnical cultivation of this crop.

To help with the choice of a particular variety will help the following video:

Reviews gardeners

Nina Semenovna, 47 years old, Samara. This year, on the recommendation of a neighbor, she planted cucumbers in the greenhouse Courage. The harvest pleased us, there was an abundance of small cucumbers on the bushes. They made a variety of blanks from them, and ate plenty of fresh greens. Next year we will definitely plant again. Elena Sergeevna, 40 years old, Perm. This year we purchased a greenhouse, when choosing a variety of cucumbers for a very long time doubted. On the advice of a consultant in the store, chose cucumbers Trump Card and Herman. They did not let us down, the whole season was provided with tasty and crunchy cucumbers. Olga Nikolaevna, 52, Ryazan. By habit, Zozulya cucumbers were planted in the greenhouse. This year, her daughter brought two new varieties of Grasshopper and Marinda. During the season they gave a very abundant harvest. But their main advantage is that they did not outgrow as quickly as Zozulya and for a long time maintained excellent taste. Sergey Alekseevich, 60, Rostov. This year he retired, purchased a greenhouse and decided to grow his vegetables. When choosing a greenhouse variety of cucumbers, a problem arose; it is very difficult for a person not tempted in this matter to navigate in their diversity. The store had to resort to the help of a sales assistant who advised me to buy Herman seeds. I was pleased with the result, but next year I will definitely try something new.