Cucumber is one of the most popular and favorite gardener's crops. It can be grown both in greenhouses and in the garden, outdoors. And those who are not afraid of experiments, can gather a good harvest, even on the balcony. This crisp vegetable is ideal for winter harvesting. Cucumbers are well kept raw and indispensable for home canning.
There are special varieties of cucumbers for pickling, as well as their hybrids. They differ thicker and crispy flesh. The peel of such cucumbers absorbs salt well. Most of the pickling varieties can be identified by their appearance - cucumbers from one shrub have almost the same size and shape, their saturated green skin is covered with tubercles. To grow cucumbers for pickling on your plot, you need to select the appropriate seeds.
Cucumber seeds for pickling - selection criteria
The taste of homemade pickles from your garden begins with seeds. Their choice is determined by the climatic features of the area and growing conditions.
To date, there are very diverse and versatile varieties in terms of cultivation, which grow well not only in greenhouse conditions, but also on open ground. But the degree of yield and quality of fruits in different cases will be different. For the greenhouse it is better to choose varieties with not very long whips, which are grown on the trellis. This saves space in the greenhouse and facilitates harvesting. An example of the correct location is shown in the photo:
The best varieties for pickling
It is best to start growing pickling cucumbers from high-quality seeds purchased from a reputable manufacturer. They indicate on the package all the information necessary for the gardener - the name of the variety, the rules of cultivation, the shelf life and purpose (salad, pickling, universal). Seeds for sale are fully prepared for planting and do not require pre-treatment. More information about the seeds can be obtained by watching this video:
Salted cucumber varieties for growing in the greenhouse
For cultivation in greenhouse conditions or film method, self-pollinated or parthenocarptic cucumber varieties are suitable for pickling. The lack of direct sunlight does not affect the yield.
- To attract bees, some gardeners sprayed plants with a solution of sugar. This can not be done if you plant a calendula next to a cucumber bed. It blooms at the same time as a cucumber and will help attract these insects for pollination.
- Cucumbers are not planted next to solanaceous crops (tomato, potato). They require different growing conditions. Spicy herbs and fragrant greens can also affect crop yields.
- Between cucumbers is useful to plant legumes (dwarf beans, beans, peas). The roots of these plants hold nitrogen in the soil. Therefore, after harvesting, it is recommended not to pull out the plants, but to cut them.
- Cucumbers are very sensitive to cold. When growing on open ground, you should always keep on hand the material with which you can protect the plants in case of a sudden cold snap. Even in the process of forming beds you need to set special supports for covering material.
Cucumbers, intended for salting, require regular monitoring of moisture in the soil during the fruiting period. With an insufficient amount of moisture in fruits, bitterness is formed, which makes cucumbers unsuitable for canning and salting.