Garden

Self-cured cucumber varieties for early harvest

Gardeners buy cucumber seeds in the fall. To the whims of nature did not affect the harvest, choose self-pollinated varieties. They are suitable for cultivation in the greenhouse and open ground. The best properties of the first generation breeding hybrids with the letter "F1" cannot be duplicated with the help of testes. Take care of the seeds in advance - it will be time to check germination.

Seed preparation

One bag from each batch of seeds will have to be donated. Long before sowing seedlings, seeds are checked for germination. The first test is to lower the planting material in salt water and shake it up. Floating on top - pacifiers, a good harvest, if they ascend, will not give.

The remaining seeds are sorted by size and soak separately each batch. Smaller to be rejected. Based on the results, we evaluate the quality of the seed material. Sometimes you have to increase purchases or change the company supplying seeds. Lost time for the secondary growing of seedlings will result in the loss of early cucumbers. Late planting brings less yield.

How long do seeds lose their germination? Self-pollinated cucumbers preferably planted in the first two years after receiving the seeds. They remain viable for up to 5-8 years, but losses during germination increase every year.

Ultra Early Seed Cucumber Varieties

This group includes self-pollinated plants capable of producing ready-to-eat fruits for 35–40 days after the second leaf comes out. Pollinating insects is not required. The most famous are “Parade”, “Marinda”, “Amur”, “Desdemona”.

"Masha" for salad and canning

Important! The manufacturer does not recommend soaking and processing the seeds of this variety before planting: pre-sowing treatment has already been carried out before packaging.

Sverkhrannye grades are intended in a greater degree for greenhouse cultivation. In open ground in the central and northern regions it is not recommended to plant a film without a cover. The yield of 11 kg / sq. m for greenhouse cultivation is a bit. Attracts early picking of cucumbers. The first Zelentsy take off already on day 36.

Scourge plants are limited in growth, do not exceed the length of 2m. Lateral shoots a little, it simplifies the formation of a bush. Up to 4 - 7 bunches of the bouquet type in the node provide a rapid increase in self-pollinated cucumbers instead of plucked. Thick-skinned greens are trying to shoot earlier in order to activate growth.

  • Fruit weight - 90-100 g;
  • Length - 11-12 cm (due upon reaching 8 cm);
  • Diameter 3-3.5 cm

The delay in the collection leads to the loss of taste of overgrown fruits, inhibits the development of the bush. The bush mobilizes forces for the supply of seed cucumbers. Fruits of the variety “Masha” of early ripening period are distinguished by keeping quality, transfer without consequences. When canning maintain density, do not form voids.

Planting of seedlings is carried out within a month from the first shoot. Overgrown plants difficult to survive. Self-cured cucumbers of the Masha variety are resistant to powdery mildew, olive blotch, cucumber mosaic. 1-2 preventive spraying complex means makes plants invulnerable.

Varietal hybrids with a predominance of female-type flowers do not need to be pollinated by insects. Well resist the common diseases of cucumber culture, give a stable harvest of fruits until frost.