Garden

Varieties of long cucumbers for the greenhouse

Few people know that we consciously eat cucumber as unripe food, except for gardeners - they are well aware of this issue. The greener the cucumber, the tastier it is. Cucumber is a special vegetable. The love for him in Russia is great, because only in our country both fresh salads, and all sorts of pickles and marinades are popular. Let's talk about long cucumbers, often found in stores and on the beds.

Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse

Every year greenhouses are becoming more and more popular with us. Their distribution is due to unstable weather in many regions. If in the spring it can be quite hot, then in summer in the period of flowering and formation of the ovary it is possible to have heavy rains and some cooling. How familiar this is to many! No bees at this point for pollination will not wait, which may affect the quality and quantity of the crop. That is why greenhouses are increasingly appearing in the cottages, houses and just outside the city.

All greenhouses can be divided into two types:

  • heated, where the harvest is obtained year round;
  • unheated for planting seedlings in the warm season.

Modern greenhouses are covered with various materials:

  • polycarbonate;
  • glass;
  • special greenhouse film.

Next to it place the source of irrigation water. Why not use a greenhouse for cucumbers? They are quite unpretentious, requiring high-quality watering and heat. The homeland of cucumber is India, and such conditions, as in this warm country, are easiest to create in a greenhouse.

Selection of seeds for greenhouses

In order to choose a variety for growing cucumber in a greenhouse, you need to know some of the nuances. Just inspecting the colorful packaging, the choice is very difficult to make. Before going to the store, it is important to study the following questions:

  • pollination of cucumbers;
  • what the variety is for;
  • terms of fruiting;
  • yield varieties.

This is the minimum amount of knowledge. First of all, remember that all varieties of cucumber are divided into two types:

  • varietal;
  • hybrid.

Buying a hybrid, do not try to grow from its seeds a new offspring, wasting time. This is only possible with the purchase and cultivation of varietal cucumbers, their signs can be inherited. In addition, you need to take into account some of the nuances.

Selection features

Going to the store to buy seeds of long cucumbers, remember that when growing in a greenhouse, there will be difficulties with insect-pollinated species. Bees reluctantly fly into greenhouses, so many gardeners prefer self-pollinated species.

On the package in the column "Type of pollination" will be indicated either self-pollinated or parthenocarpic.

With regard to taste, here everyone should be guided by their own taste. Keep in mind that not every variety is intended for salting and preservation. Additionally, you will have to decide on which variety is preferable from the proposed ones:

  • early;
  • mid season;
  • late.

To date, ultra early varieties are very common. Consider that they give the harvest in a short period and do not bear fruit for a long time. Mid-season and late cucumbers can please a gardener for a long time with fresh fruits.

As a rule, not one variety of cucumbers is grown in the greenhouse at the same time, but several. Small cucumbers gherkins combined with long-fruited. Special care of different varieties is not provided, at the same time the gardener can conduct an experiment with a certain variety, try how he behaves in the beds. This is how the choice of the most preferred varieties for growing in greenhouses. We give a list of long varieties that are the best suited for protected ground.

Varieties of long cucumbers

Long cucumbers are not quite familiar to our table, but over time we are used to them and appreciate their taste. Most often, they are more watery, do not possess bitterness and are beautiful when used fresh. To preserve them is quite difficult because of the large size. The long varieties include those from the seeds of which produce a cucumber from 16 to 25 centimeters long. In this line there are real giants.

We included only the most popular cucumber varieties in the comparison table:

  • hybrid "Zozulya";
  • grade "Chinese miracle";
  • grade "Phoenix 640";
  • hybrid Regal;
  • hybrid "April";
  • hybrid "relay race";
  • hybrid "Chinese heat-resistant";
  • hybrid "stella";
  • hybrid "Mustafa";
  • Manul grade.

Name of the variety / hybrid

Type of pollination

Purpose

Productivity and term of fructification

Note

Zozulya

parthenocarpic

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

up to 16 kilograms from one square. meter, fruiting after 45 days

the length of greengrass is on average 17-18 centimeters, weight up to 200 grams

Chinese miracle

bee pollinating

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

high yield, fruiting occurs in 50-55 days

the length of green leaves is 45 centimeters; when grown in a greenhouse, it will be necessary to artificially pollinate the plant

Phoenix

bee pollinating

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

average yield, not more than 3.7 kilograms per square meter. meter, fruiting occurs in 55-65 days

the length of green leaves is 16-18 centimeters, when grown in a greenhouse, you will need to artificially pollinate the plant

Regal

parthenocarpic

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

high yield - 16 pounds per square. meter, early harvest (fruiting in 40-45 days)

the length of green leaves is 16-18 centimeters, weight - not more than 120 grams

April

parthenocarpic

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

high yield, up to 24 kilograms per 1 square. meter, fruiting no later than 50 days

the length of the greens is 15-25 centimeters with a weight of 200-250 grams

Relay race

bee pollinating

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

high yield - 25-35 kilograms per square meter. meter fructification on day 53-69

the length of green grass - an average of 21 cm, when grown in a greenhouse, you will need to artificially pollinate the plant

Chinese heat resistant

parthenocarpic

fresh and salads

High yield, fruiting comes on the 54th day

the length of green leaves is 30-50 centimeters, these are real giants

Stella

parthenocarpic

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

high yield - from 1 square. m, you can collect 11.5 pounds, fruiting occurs after 56-65 days

the length of the greens is 20-25 centimeters with the weight of the fruit 150-270 grams

Mustafa

parthenocarpic

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

average yield (3.5 kilograms per square meter), fruiting in 40-45 days

greengrass length - 18-20 centimeters with weight up to 200 grams

Manul

bee pollinating

in fresh form, for pickling and preservation

yield is very high, up to 37 kilograms per square meter. meter, fruiting no later than 58 days

the length of the green leaves is 18-22 centimeters, weight up to 220 grams; when grown in a greenhouse, you will need to artificially pollinate the plant

The video presents a brief description of the variety "Green jade". He is also Chinese.

Unfortunately, most varieties with the name "Chinese" belong to the bee-pollinated species. This means that when growing them in a greenhouse, it is necessary to resort to artificial pollination. This task is not so difficult as long.

Features of growing long cucumbers

Long cucumbers are very popular among our gardeners. They yield a bountiful harvest, and the majority tastes. Whichever variety is finally selected, one should try to adhere to certain rules when growing cucumbers:

  • often germination of seeds of long cucumbers is very uneven, so it is recommended to germinate them before being placed in the ground or glass;
  • not every variety of long cucumbers is well kept, so you should carefully study the packaging, give preference only to trusted manufacturers;
  • when the plants become tall, they need to create conditions for the growth and ripening of the fruit: they must be suspended on a trellis.
Important! If long heavy fruits are allowed to lie on the ground, they will grow ugly and may be prone to rotting.

Conclusion

Long cucumbers are very convenient to grow in a greenhouse. They are quite unpretentious and able to decorate any feast. Many housewives are advised not to pickle especially long cucumbers as a whole, but to use them for preparing complex salads for the winter. But for salting, both standard long-fruited and giants are suitable. Grow them yourself!