Whatever superearly varieties planted in the ground, they still can not get ahead of greenhouse cucumbers. It is in the greenhouses that the earliest vegetables grow, and the very first of them are cucumbers. The main stages and rules for planting cucumber seeds in a greenhouse can be found in this article.
Growing plants in greenhouses has its own characteristics, in order to get a good harvest, you need to do a lot of work.
Varieties of greenhouses
First of all, it is necessary to build the greenhouse itself. Its dimensions and design depend on the scale of cultivation: for its own needs in vegetables will be enough film greenhouse, and those who sell early vegetables, can not do without a capital heated greenhouse.
So, the most common types of greenhouses:
- large polycarbonate greenhouses;
- film greenhouses;
- Covering temporary films, which are needed only before the emergence of shoots, then they are removed.
Choice of varieties by type of pollination
Varieties of cucumbers are divided into many subspecies and types. To choose the best and most suitable variety, you need to understand these subspecies.
So, the first thing to determine - whether the plant will be able to pollinate. If a sliding roof is arranged in the greenhouse, there is a possibility of airing, and bees live close to the site, gardeners are advised to choose one of the bee-pollinated cucumbers. Numerous reviews indicate that this is the most delicious cucumbers.
For those who really want to eat bee-pollinated cucumbers, but there is no way to attract insects, there remains the manual method of pollination - they do it with a small brush or bringing the male flower to the female.
Parthenocarpic varieties are more convenient in this regard - they do not need pollination at all, since all the flowers on the plant are female. The disadvantage of such cucumbers is the absence of seeds inside the vegetable, and it is the seeds that give the cucumber its unique taste and aroma.
Compromise is a self-pollinated variety that contains both male and female inflorescences that are pollinated without help. Such cucumbers retain seeds that are beneficial for vitamins and do not require additional concerns related to pollen transport.Tip! If bee-pollinated species are planted, then bees can be attracted to the greenhouse by installing containers with fragrant flowers (dandelions, for example) at the entrance. Another way - to spray the bushes sweetened with water.
Why do I need a cucumber
Before buying seeds, a gardener should know the answer to the question of what he intends to do with the greenhouse crop:
- eat fresh;
- pickle and marinate for the winter.
In the first case, high-yield varieties are needed, because the number of cucumbers taken from one bush is very important. The most productive varieties of greenhouse cucumbers are mainly hybrids. Such as:
For use in fresh use salad varieties. Such cucumbers are distinguished by soft rind and juicy flesh, inside the sliced salad vegetable there are many large seeds.
In appearance, a salad cucumber is also easy to distinguish: most often they have a smooth skin with small pimples (or even without them), a long, tapering shape and a dark green tint.
The best salad species suitable for cultivation in greenhouses are:
In addition to excellent taste, these hybrids have high yields and large fruits.
For preservation, cucumbers of small size and regular cylindrical shape are needed, because the fruit should be placed in tight jars with pickle. The skin of pickling cucumbers is thick, with knobs and spikes, and the flesh is denser than that of a salad vegetable. The main property of such cucumbers is their ability to preserve crispness after heat treatment.
Numerous reviews of housewives suggest that for conservation it is better to choose:
In addition to these, there are universal varieties. These cucumbers combine the best qualities of pickling and salad species, they are distinguished by high yields and disease resistance (for example, "Efreitor", "Northerner", "Blagodatny").
Attention! An equally important point is the time of ripening of the variety. After all, to get the very first cucumbers you need one of the top species, and for preservation for the winter, middle and late cucumbers are more suitable.
What characteristics should have a greenhouse variety
Summing up the above, we can say that not all varieties are suitable for cultivation in protected ground. The atmosphere of the greenhouse has its own characteristics, which not every plant can withstand..
Greenhouse cucumbers should:
- Well tolerate shade and lack of direct sunlight.
- To be resistant to high humidity.
- Do not rot in poor ventilation conditions.
- Have no spreading bushes and lash without a lot of side shoots (bush).
- Be high-yielding.
- Resistant to most diseases (in the greenhouse soil the plant has a very high risk of infection).
- Have the possibility of pollination.
Which cucumbers appear the very first? Of course, those that gardeners bother to plant before the others. Winter-spring varieties fall into this category, the seeds of these cucumbers are sown in greenhouses even in winter. The first harvest appears in late February and early March.
The main requirement for early cucumbers - they must be able to withstand low light, because the winter sun is not enough for normal plant growth.
This hybrid belongs to plants with unlimited growth of stalks therefore provides very high yields. Blagovest is a parthenocarpic variety, so it can be planted in a closed heated greenhouse, it does not need bees.
The fruits of this hybrid are small - up to 85 grams, covered with rare tubercles. Cucumber has a pronounced taste and aroma, the peel of medium thickness and dense flesh. All this allows with equal success to use it for salads and for preservation.
Growing a hybrid does not require complex care - the seeds are treated for the most frequent diseases.
Which cucumber is best
It is impossible to say unequivocally which varieties are more suitable for greenhouses. All modern hybrids and cucumber varieties have their own strengths: some have high yields, others have excellent adaptation to any conditions, and some have taste.
Probably every experienced gardener has his favorite greenhouse variety. Do not just forget that the seeds need to be purchased from a trusted manufacturer.