Each gardener, planting in the ground seeds of cucumbers, hopes to get a good harvest. However, this vegetable is very thermophilic and produces less fruit in the open field than in the greenhouse. And, nevertheless, there are many bee-pollinated varieties adapted for such conditions. With good care, they will provide the owner with a sufficient amount of harvest, especially since every summer resident knows that cucumber grown under the sun is tastier than a greenhouse.
What is the secret of dark and light thorns
Considering the different varieties of cucumbers, the fruits of which have ripened on the open and closed ground, you can notice the different color of thorns. Some have white and others have black. Some consider dark thorns to indicate that the cucumber is already old and bitter. In fact, it is not.
Light spikes of fruits symbolize the delicate skin and juicy flesh of most salad varieties. The presentation of such cucumbers is maintained for a long time, and they go for eating fresh.
Cucumbers with dark spikes have a coarse skin and less juicy flesh. However, some varieties of fruit flavor may exceed the vegetable with white thorns. Black spiked cucumbers are ideal for preservation and long-term storage. These qualities are inherent in the majority of bee-pollinated varieties intended for open ground. The only minus of such cucumbers is that they fail to turn yellow quickly when they are harvested. That's exactly the yellowness and says about the old age of the fetus.Important! The taste of cucumber is determined by the lack of bitter taste. It accumulates from prolonged exposure to the sun on the plant and weak watering. Growing bee-pollinated varieties on the open ground, you need to take care of the organization of the shadow veil in the hot season.
Types and advantages of popular bee pollinated varieties
Thanks to the work of breeders, many varieties of cucumbers with a different type of weaving, low and high, with small and large fruits, even different colors appeared. Bees, pollinating cucumber flowers, help to get a harvest, only seed can be harvested from ordinary varieties. If the bee-pollinating plant is a hybrid, the seeds from it will be bad next year.
Many are accustomed to seeing the fruits of cucumbers hanging on long lashes. It is advantageous to plant them in a limited area, for example, in a greenhouse. And on the open ground, if the size of the vegetable garden also allows, it is easier to grow bee-pollinated bush varieties. The plant does not spread on the ground, and without the construction of large trellis.
Growing bush cucumbers in the open field has its advantages:
- having a maximum length of 80 cm of the lashes, the plant forms a neat shrub;
- Such varieties of cucumbers, even in a bad year, bear good fruit;
- bush varieties resistant to common diseases;
- The fruits of the bush varieties of cucumbers usually have small sizes, optimally suitable for preservation;
- To get an early crop of cucumbers, the seeds are planted immediately in open ground.
In general, with the advantages of everything is clear. The main thing is the correct care of the plant, and the bees will do their work in the formation of the crop.Important! Due to the small growth of the bush can easily be covered from the morning frost or the scorching sun.
Varieties of cucumbers forming small fruits with a length of 5-10 cm are called gherkins. Do not confuse them with unripe greens, torn gardeners ahead of time for conservation.
Gherkins are appreciated for their taste, standing a step above the usual cucumbers. The plant on the lashes forms bundle ovaries, which on the third day turn into a full-fledged vegetable.
Growing and caring for gherkins is almost identical with ordinary cucumbers, although there are some peculiarities. This type of cucumber is very thermophilic and for open ground it is more acceptable to plant seedlings on the beds after harvesting early greens. If it is decided to plant the seeds of gherkins in the open field, it is better to do this in early June, when the earth warms up completely.
Gherkins demanding soil. It should be loose with a pH of 6-7 pH. It is important to plant a balanced diet. Nitrogen, magnesium, potassium, calcium and phosphorus are required as top dressing. Once every five years, the area under the gherkins is fertilized with manure at the rate of 10 kg / 1 m2.
Bee pollinated hybrids have proven themselves in the open field. They are distinguished by tuber ovary, resistant to many diseases and cold.
The simplicity of growing cucumber hybrids consists in the absence of the need to pinch shoots to form a shrub.
This type of cucumber thanks to the work of breeders took the best that they have the usual varieties. Hybrids bear fruit for a long time, but you cannot get seed from them at home. The cucumber seed, of course, is small, only it does not preserve the original qualities of the original variety. Grown plant will give a meager crop of cucumbers or, in general, refuse to bear fruit.
Review of the best varieties of early maturation
After a brief acquaintance with the varieties of cucumbers, it is time to review the best bee pollinated varieties that fruit well in open ground. And probably it would be better to start with the early varieties.
In addition to the considered varieties, there are many other varieties. The main thing when choosing cucumbers for open beds is to take into account the climate of the region and the size of the land allotted for planting seedlings.