The varieties of cucumbers are divided by ripening time into early ripening, medium - and late ripening, although the last two species are often combined into one. Many gardeners are interested in the question, which of these three plant species will be optimally fruited on the beds of open ground, and why, in general, do we need to plant late varieties? It is easier to plant early cucumbers and enjoy fresh vegetables before anyone else. All these questions and try to answer today.
Why need a late grade
Before considering the late popular varieties of cucumbers for open ground, let's find out the purpose of such a vegetable. When buying seeds, many amateurs first of all look at a colorful label with an advertising inscription of the value of a variety, for example, "Super Early" or "Super Early". Is it possible to choose seeds by this principle and why are these late cucumbers needed?
It is probably easier to plant an early variety on the bed and in about 35 days to enjoy fresh vegetables. Why then wait one and a half or two months until late cucumbers ripen? A specialist or any experienced gardener, without hesitation, will answer that the secret lies in the final result.
Distinctive feature of late varieties
To understand why we need late fruits, let's turn to botany and briefly consider the periods of development of cucumber. At the beginning of growth, before the first ovary appears, the plant builds up the root system. Although the roots are not so big, but they still grow. When the phase of flowering and fruiting begins, the growth of the root is slowed down, and the green stem begins its rapid growth.
Now we look what happens with the early variety of cucumbers in the garden. The fact is that the more developed a plant root is, the more nutrients it receives from the soil. The early plant root system matures in about a month. Naturally, it is several times less than the late-grade root system for open ground, which develops up to 50 days. Fruiting a plant with a smaller root system will be at a minimum or will give immediately a lot of fruit in a short time and will die.
From this we can conclude that the plant of the early variety, after finishing its fruiting for a couple of weeks, begins to turn yellow, and then dries. Top-dressing with nitrogen fertilizers may slightly prolong the life of the green stalk of the cucumber, however, it will not bring much gain.
If you take the late varieties for open ground, then with a powerful root system they will bear fruit on the garden for a long time, delighting the owners with fruits for a whole summer before the onset of cold weather.
When planting country beds with cucumbers for own consumption, it is necessary to give preference to the seeds not with colorful promotional packaging, but to pick them according to the ripening period. Early varieties can be planted several bushes for the first fresh salads, and the fruits of late ripening will be used for canning.Tip! For a family of 2-3 people, it is enough to grow 2 garden cucumbers of early and medium varieties in a garden. All the rest of the allotted place of open ground should be sown with late varieties.
Cucumbers are among the most consumed vegetables, so they are in demand all year round. In the absence of a greenhouse, only late varieties for open ground will allow to obtain fresh fruit for a long time. In addition, these cucumbers are well suited for preservation, barrel salting and pickling. In the presence of a freezer, the owners manage to freeze the fruits of the late variety for cooking on New Year's holidays.Tip! Cucumber is 90% water and is a low-calorie vegetable. This allows you to use a vegetable without restriction to people inclined to corpulence or simply watching their figure.
Variety selection by branch
When choosing seed of late cucumbers for open ground, plants with strong weaving are more suitable. The more actively their stem is formed, the better the harvest will be. An example for open ground can be the varieties "Phoenix", "Chistye Prudy", "Phoenix 640" and "Marina Grove". A distinctive feature of these late varieties is abundant fruiting before the onset of the first frost. Plants do not need the installation of trellis. They will simply trail on the ground, the main thing is to provide them with sufficient space. The advantage of the fruits of each variety is the absence of bitterness.
Briefly about the rules of planting late varieties
Cucumber is a heat-loving plant and can get a little sore when planting seedlings. In the first place - this is due to the change in the temperature of the soil.
The seedlings grew in a warm place, and after planting in open ground, even if it is already warm outside, the root system falls into a cool environment. It is important to reduce the amount of watering, as it increases the risk of developing putrefactive fungi that affect the root. At the first detection of rotting sprouts can be saved with fresh or sour milk.Tip! A warm solution is prepared from 1 part milk and 1 part water. Water under the root of each plant at the rate of 1 liter of fluid for 8 bushes.
Seedlings of late cucumbers should be watered early in the morning only at the root. This will reduce the amount of condensation that causes putrefying fungal diseases. It is bad if the water during watering gets on the leaves of the plant, as well as in time it is necessary to remove old and remove fallen leaves. Such simple rules will help prevent the development of a pathogenic fungus.
In this video you can see the experiment with the planting of cucumbers in July:
Get acquainted with the latest varieties of cucumbers
Finally, it is time to get acquainted with the late varieties of cucumbers, intended for cultivation in the open field. There are a large number of them, however, we will consider the most best-selling varieties among ordinary summer residents.
Late hybrids growing on open ground and intended for salting have differences in cell structure and morphology. The main feature of the preservation of the fetus for conservation - the edge of the ovary. In an adult fetus, these harmless hairs turn into spines.
They are dark and light, moreover, they are located both on the tubercles of the peel and evenly over its surface. For the plant, the pimples serve as a regulator of moisture evaporation, and when preserved, brine penetrates into the fetus.
The fruits with black thorns on large hillocks are optimal for preservation. The acquisition of such a dark color occurs due to the evaporation of moisture together with the pigment. The crunch crunch rate depends on the structure of the cells, which in an adult fetus do not grow, but stretch. Such characteristics are possessed by hybrids "Mamenkin favorite", "Liliput", "Hazbulat", "Athlete" and many others.
The choice of a certain late variety for an open bed directly depends on the preference of the host and the purpose of the vegetable, whether it be preservation, sale, or simply raw.