Cucumbers are those vegetables whose freshness can be enjoyed all season (from April to October). Such "longevity" vegetables give different varieties, which are divided according to the degree of ripening of the fruit. There are early cucumbers, mid-season and late. At the same time, mid-season varieties occupy the largest niche, they are used more often than others, and there are a number of reasons for this. All the features and characteristics of mid-cucumbers will be discussed in this article.
Definition of mid-season varieties
The main distinctive feature of mid-ripening cucumber varieties is the period of ripening of the fruit, equal to 45-55 days.
This means that the cucumber begins to bear fruit at 45-55 days after planting seeds in the ground.
However, this period is very conditional, the speed of ripening of cucumbers depends on many factors, the main of which are:
- quality of seed;
- soil type;
- greenhouse conditions or landing in an open area;
- timely watering;
- the temperature of the earth and air during the day and at night;
- the absence of diseases of the bush;
- climate zone in which the region is located.
All these factors together affect the rate of ripening of the first cucumbers, as well as the yield of vegetables.
Classification of cucumber
All varieties and hybrids of cucumbers are divided into several categories. After dividing into species by ripening rate, a general classification of varieties should be considered. So, like everyone else, mid-season cucumbers are divided by:
- Type of pollination. There are bee pollinated varieties, parthenocarpic and self-pollinated.
- According to the method of cultivation: greenhouse and soil.
- According to the intended purpose of the fruits: for fresh consumption, for preservation and universal varieties, suitable for salad and salting.
Choosing the best mid-season varieties
Before buying seeds, it is necessary to clearly define why cucumbers are needed, where they will be planted, and by whom they will be pollinated.
Experienced gardeners argue that preference should be given to self-pollinating middle-ripening varieties for the greenhouse, and bee-pollinating varieties for open ground.Tip! For fresh cucumbers to be on the plot all season, one variety is not enough. It is necessary to plant both early and late cultures, and not just medium ones.
One more important feature of mid-ripening varieties is their low resistance to temperature extremes. Unlike early cucumbers, which are planted in barely heated land, seeds of medium-quality varieties are sown in late May - early June, when the temperature of the soil and air is normalized, and the probability of frost is minimized.
Therefore, breeders paid more attention to the disease resistance of medium cucumbers than to hardening. But diseases typical for cucumbers are not terrible for middle-ripening varieties, seeds are processed from the most frequent "cucumber ailments".
Attention! When buying seeds, you need to pay attention to the bushiness of the plant and the length of the lashes. For growing in greenhouses, it is better to choose bush varieties with a compact ovary, and climbing plants with abundant side shoots are more suitable for open ground. Compliance with these rules leads to high yields.