When to plant cucumbers in the greenhouse in the suburbs? The answer to this question will depend on the prevailing weather conditions and the place of growth (greenhouse or open ground). Planting options can also be used different, gardeners practiced planting seeds directly into the ground or pre-growing seedlings.
How to start growing seedlings
The seedling is necessary when it is planned to receive an early harvest. It is grown, as a rule, on the window sill until the necessary climatic conditions for its transplanting into the ground.
Getting to this method of growing cucumbers, it should be remembered that the early sowing of seedlings is not the best solution. In this case, the plant begins to outgrow, and when transplanted into the ground, it ceases to be resistant to diseases, and in general it looks too thin and frail.
Late landing will not allow the seedlings to grow properly, which will have a negative impact on the harvest.
The best time for planting seedlings is an exposure of 3 weeks after the first sprouts begin to ascend. Seedlings can be grown in any convenient capacity. These can be pots for home flowers, various food jars, and special peat seedlings, which can be purchased at an agricultural store. Many gardeners use seed germination with wet cotton wool. To do this, a cotton piece is moistened with water and put a seed in there, after which the cotton wool is sent to a warm place and make sure that it does not dry out.
After the germs appear, it will be possible to prepare for their landing. It is important that the soil itself is poured with plenty of warm water. Seedlings planted 1-2 cm deep. It is more convenient to dig out small round holes, and then plant seedlings there.
Terms of planting and growing cucumbers
It is known that cucumbers grow much better in the greenhouse, as it creates optimal conditions for culture. Here you can plant both seeds and seedlings, the most important thing is to choose a good time for planting. If the greenhouse is equipped with heating, then cucumbers can be grown there throughout the year. If this is the most common greenhouse, then the planting of cucumbers should be carried out in May, when the air temperature will be from +18 to + 20 ° C. In Moscow, this temperature can be observed in the late spring or early summer.
Before planting cucumbers, the soil in the greenhouse must be carefully prepared:
- Urea needed - 1 tsp. on 1 m ², the soil should be dug over.
- The dug up soil is poured with hot water, as the cucumber is a heat-loving culture. Water should be mixed with liquid chicken droppings (200 g per 10 liters of water);
- At the end of the work done, the soil is covered with a film and left for 10 days.
Seedlings are considered ready for planting when the plant gives the 3rd leaflet.
Before disembarking, it is necessary to ensure that the night air temperature in the greenhouse does not fall below + 14 ° C. In order for cucumbers to grow well, the temperature regime in the greenhouse must be maintained as follows:
- in the afternoon about + 20 ° C;
- at night from + 15 ° C to + 16 ° C.
If the temperature is above + 20 ° C, then a window can be opened in the greenhouse, as at elevated rates the plant will begin to stretch and weaken greatly, and at low values the risk of disease increases. In the greenhouse it is necessary to make longitudinal beds, and in the beds - small holes the size of a pot at a distance of 50 cm to 60 cm from each other.
Before planting, it is recommended to treat the pits with a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 10 l of water).
The water itself should be warm enough, about + 50 ° C. In each hole, you need to pour about 0.5 liters of water.
If you plan to grow cucumbers in the open field, then you will need to wait until the street is set to favorable warm weather. Suitable conditions must be expected in the month of June, if we talk about the climatic features of the Moscow region. It should be remembered that in the open ground is best to plant already sprouted seedlings, and not seeds.
Varieties of cucumbers for cultivation in the suburbs
If we talk about the taste of cultivated cucumbers, it is best to pick up the seeds of the varieties, as some of them grow well in open ground, and others - in greenhouses.
The best varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses near Moscow:
These are small, about 7 cm in length, cucumbers of an unusual white color; on the surface of the fruits there is a small number of small tubercles. This variety is good for both salting and fresh consumption.
The early ripe grade of the cucumber having the unusual pear-shaped form, at the same time reminds an old vegetable marrow. Fruits can grow up to 1 m in length, the most delicious are those that do not exceed 25 cm. Such vegetables are tasty in salads.
If all the above recommendations are observed, gardeners from the Moscow region will be able to grow any variety of cucumbers.