Caprifol is a type of decorative honeysuckle. Valued by gardeners for the beautiful flowers and the shape of the bush. In landscape design, honeysuckle is used for landscaping, which can be divided into two groups according to appearance:
- Curly: honeysuckle, Brown's honeysuckle, Gerald, seaside, Hekroth.
- Bush: honeysuckle Tatar, Maksimovic, Alpine, Korolkova.
Honeysuckle capricole - liana. The name translates from Latin as goat leaf. Perhaps because these animals love to eat honeysuckle leaves. Liana is also called fragrant. Blooming honeysuckle produces a pleasant aroma, which is enhanced in the evening. Looks like the photo on honeysuckle capricole.
Caprifol is an amazing plant in which everything is worthy of attention. Unusual leaves of lianas: rather large, leathery, elliptical, dark green, blue-gray to whitish underneath. Fall in late autumn. 2-3 pairs of upper leaves grow together, forming a disk through which the stem of honeysuckle passes.
Flowers and fruits
Honeysuckle Capricole flowers are located in the axils of the fused leaves, are grouped in groups of 5-10 flowers. Flowers tubular form up to 5 cm in length with protruding stamens. The color of the flowers inside is white or slightly yellow. Outside with purple-red stripes or purple tinge. Each individual flower of honeysuckle lives 2-3 days. Flowering all bush lasts up to 3 weeks. After the flowering of the honeysuckle berries are formed on a short stalk, almost lying on the leaf. The color of the berries in the vine is red or orange-red. Berries are inedible. Liana begins to bloom and bear fruit after 3 years. It grows very quickly, during the season shoots grow by 1.5-2 m. The period of flowering of honeysuckles falls at the end of May and the beginning of June.
Application in landscape design
In landscape design, such a wonderful plant as honeysuckle capricole is used for vertical gardening. Since it is a vine, it will definitely need support for further growth. Gardeners decorate the winding honeysuckle arbors, arches, fences, decorate farm buildings. Honeysuckle Capricole can be a hedge. It is ideally combined with coniferous plants, with shrubs that also bloom beautifully (Chubushnik, Weigela, Deutzia) and climbing roses. Examples of the use of honeysuckle in landscape design, see the photo:
With the observance of agrotechnology and proper care, the capricole will please you for many years. The average lifespan of honeysuckle is about 50 years.
Honeysuckle Capricole - European, loves abundant sun. Will transfer partial blackout. But it will not bloom abundantly. Choose the right place for planting. The soil should be fertile, enriched with humus, well hydrated, but the water should not stagnate. The soils are clayey, dense in composition, with high acidity for Kaphanol creepers are not suitable.
To plant honeysuckle capricole, dig a hole or trench, taking into account that fit the root system. The pit is for a single plant, and the trench is for a number of plants. Lay a drainage layer at the bottom of the pit. It may be gravel, small pieces of brick or sand. Remove soil from a pit, mix with fertilizers, peat, rotted manure or humus.
Add lime to acidic soil. Place a part of the prepared soil in the hole, place a seedling on top of it. If the roots of honeysuckle are large, then you can prune them. Pour the roots with the remaining soil mixture, water well. Take care to create a support for the honeysuckle honeysuckle, so as not to get a shapeless lump in the future. Without support, the honeysuckle will begin to rely on itself.
Important! Do not forget that honeysuckle braids counterclockwise support. In the future, when forming vines, keep in mind this nuance.
Support can be cords. You can pull in any direction that is convenient for you. Coarse mesh or trellis trellis.
Regular care of the plant is watering, timely removal of weeds and the formation of the bush. Honeysuckle Capricole loves moisture. In the summer, do not allow the soil to dry out; if the season is dry, then increase the amount of water to irrigate the vines. The surface of the soil around the honeysuckle can be covered with mulch. For example, peat. Mulch is needed to create conditions for soil rippers - worms, to protect the top layer of soil from drying out.
Remove weeds as they occur. Perennial weeds with an extensive root system must be removed before planting. Carefully select all parts of the roots.
Honeysuckle - fast-growing liana. By pruning it, you will form a bush at will. In a young plant, leave no more than 3 shoots. Choose the most viable. Delete the rest. Cut off the dead shoots and not survived the winter. As soon as the honeysuckle honeysuckle grows in height and reaches the required height, begin cutting the tops to stimulate the appearance of side shoots. Then the honeysuckle goes wide. By cutting the plant, not only form it, but also rejuvenate, contribute to abundant flowering. Look at the video about the intricacies of spring care for honeysuckle honeysuckle:
Honeysuckle transplanted in the spring. Caprifol does not like moving. Therefore, determine the permanent place of growth. How do honeysuckle reproduce? There are several ways:
- Seeds. Rather difficult and laborious process. Honeysuckle seeds harvested from ripe berries. Separate them from the pulp, washed and dried. Seeds of honeysuckle grow reluctantly. In order to improve germination, spend stratification. Artificial process to activate the natural forces of the seed. In nature, the seeds fall to the ground in autumn, are dormant, in order to germinate in the spring. Stratification is an imitation of natural conditions. To do this, the seeds of honeysuckle capricole placed in a container of wet sand and placed in a refrigerator on the bottom shelf. Stand about 2-4 weeks. Sand needs to be moistened. Further, the seeds of honeysuckle are ready for planting. Place seeds in a container with nutrient soil, slightly sprinkling with soil. Spray with water, cover with glass or film. After emergence of shoots glass can be removed. After the shoots of the honeysuckle become stronger, you can be transplanted to a permanent place. For the winter be sure to cover. For example, lapnikom.
- Cuttings. Preparation of cuttings of honeysuckle occurs after the bush has blossomed. Not all shoots are suitable for cuttings. It is best to take root cuttings from older shoots. If they break well, then they are suitable for grafting. The length of the cuttings is 10 cm, they should have 2 - 3 internodes. Top cut at a right angle, and the bottom at 45 degrees. Cuttings of honeysuckle planted for rooting in the greenhouse in a mixture of garden soil, peat and sand in approximately equal proportions. In a month the first leaves will appear. Spring can be planted in open ground.
- Layering. The easiest way to reproduce honeysuckle capricole. In spring or autumn, bend the branch to the ground and fix it with staples. Sprinkle with earth. For rooting to occur effectively, prepare the soil by mixing it with peat. In the spring, separate the rooted parts from the parent bush of the honeysuckle and land on a permanent place. This method is good for creating hedges, then the layers are not separated, they continue to grow independently. It is only necessary to establish support for young plants.
- The division of the overgrown bush. Here are 2 ways. First: expose the roots of the bush and cut off the shoot with the roots. The second is to dig up the whole bush of the honeysuckle and, using a shovel, divide the bush into parts, which can then be transplanted to new permanent places. Treat the cuts with ashes. And shorten slightly shoots. A year later, the plant will need pruning to form a crown.
Honeysuckle Capricole will please you with rapid growth and abundant flowering, if it is regularly fed.
- Autumn is the best time to apply potash and phosphate fertilizers. To do this, fertilize the plant with humus or rotted manure.
- In the spring, apply nitrogen fertilizers. Pour slurry or infusion of bird droppings, pre-diluted with water: 1 part of the infusion and 10 parts of water.
Inspect the honeysuckle honeysuckle in time to notice the damage and take action.
- Enemy number one for honeysuckle is an aphid that sucks the plant's vital sap. External signs of threat - yellowing and falling leaves. Aphids can be destroyed by spraying a bush with preparations: "Inta - VIR", "Eleksar", "Kondifor".
- Fungal lesions cause leaf to wilt, reddish tubercles appear on the cortex. Infected shoots should be removed. The entire shrub must be treated with blue vitriol as a preventive measure.
- Viruses cause variegation on the leaves. Unfortunately, the bush will have to dig and burn. But you can fight for the plant by spraying it with copper sulfate or "Fundazol."
Do not be afraid of disease and insects - pests. Honeysuckle Capricole is a very beautiful and spectacular plant that does not need time-consuming care. If you settle it in your garden, then for many years this creature will delight your eyes with its unique appearance.