A huge assortment of seeds can be misleading even for an experienced gardener. Today, there are many varieties and hybrids of cucumber, all of them have strengths: some are more productive, others are resistant to diseases, and others are characterized by early ripening. How to choose a suitable variety and not "get lost" in the variety of seeds?
Foreign seeds stand out as a separate block, most often they are obtained as a result of breeding, therefore they differ favorably against the background of domestic sowing material. The most common are the Dutch varieties of cucumbers - they are more than others loved by gardeners and gardeners, due to the excellent characteristics and high taste.
What is Dutch cucumber
Most often, the Dutch people call the cucumbers all the hybrids of this culture. But this is wrong: there are Dutch seeds of not only hybrids, but also varieties of cucumber. Hybrids are obtained by breeding, combining the positive qualities of several varieties. A hybrid from a variety is also different in that it does not produce offspring. That is, excellent fruits will grow from the acquired seeds, but it will be impossible to gather seed material for the following seasons.
There are also such hybrids of cucumber, within which there are seeds, they can be planted and even get something in the end. But cucumbers grown in this way will no longer fully meet the characteristics declared by the seed producer: the plant may get sick, the fruits will not be even and beautiful, the cucumbers may even become bitter.
The cost of Dutch seeds is much higher than domestic ones. But such a high price quite pays off the yield of cucumber - most often Dutch cultures bloom in clusters, on each of which grows from 3-10 cucumbers. On average, it is believed that a ton of cucumbers of Dutch origin can be collected from one hundred square meters of land.Tip! When buying seeds you need to pay attention to the recommended planting regions. What is good for Holland does not suit the northern regions of Russia. It is necessary to buy seeds adapted to local conditions.
The strengths of the "Dutch"
And varieties, and hybrids of cucumbers grown from Dutch seeds, are of high quality fruit. In general, the advantages of Dutch cucumbers look like this:
- high yield is inherent in all varieties and hybrids of Dutch origin;
- resistance to most diseases;
- the presence of both pollinated and pollinating species;
- suitability for planting in soil and in greenhouses;
- lack of bitterness in the fruit and high taste;
- cucumbers grow about the same size, even and beautiful;
- universality of cucumbers - almost all varieties are suitable for salads and for preservation.
We can say that the Dutch varieties and cucumber hybrids combine all the best qualities of this vegetable.Important! A bag of Dutch seeds contains only a few seeds, but this does not mean the producer’s greed. The fact is that these cucumbers give strong and branched whips, and the fruits grow in clusters, so they cannot be planted thickly. It is recommended to plant 4 seeds on 1 m² of soil.
How to choose a suitable variety of "Dutch"
Choosing cucumber varieties is a responsible event, this is exactly the case when the advice of neighbors and the feedback from sellers can harm the owner. Because in the choice of cucumber, it is important to take into account individual characteristics, such as:
- depth of groundwater;
- soil type;
- planting seeds in a greenhouse or in open ground;
- the presence of bees on the site;
- weather conditions (temperature, duration of summer, rainfall, frost);
- estimated frequency of irrigation;
- the frequency of harvesting (every day, only on weekends);
- Purpose of cucumbers (for fresh consumption, for salting, for sale).
If with the majority of factors everything is clear, then some need to be deciphered.Important! Seeds of hybrids are easily distinguished by the code "F1", written after the name.
What does the bee
The fact is that the Dutch varieties, like the rest of cucumbers, are divided into three types:
- Bee pollinated.
For the first species, bees are necessarily needed, if there are none on the plot, or cucumbers are planted in a closed greenhouse, you can not wait for the harvest. Unpeeled female flowers will become barren flowers.
Self-pollinated hybrids are more common than other species (almost all "Dutch" belong to this species). They are universal: suitable for greenhouses, and for open ground. Self-pollinated varieties have inflorescences that combine female pistils and male stamens, these are so-called hermaphrodites. They do not need additional pollination, they independently cope with this process. Self-pollinated hybrids often do not produce seeds, but such cucumbers are found with seeds.
Partenocarpic species do not need pollination at all; all their flowers are female. Cucumbers can also be planted in the greenhouse and in the open land.Important! Experienced gardeners believe that self-pollinated hybrids resulting from breeding are tastier than parthenocarpic varieties. Especially prized cucumbers containing seeds - a source of vitamins and trace elements, as well as, "corporate" cucumber flavor.
Salt or cut into a salad
According to taste characteristics, three types of cucumbers are distinguished:
They are all good, but each in its own way. Lettuce cucumber has a thin, delicate skin and juicy, tasty pulp. It is good to eat it raw, add to salads and other dishes. But lettuce cucumbers are not suitable for preservation - they “limp” in brine, they become soft and shapeless.
For pickling and pickle use pickling cucumber varieties. Their peel is thicker, after the impregnation with brine, such cucumbers become crispy and appetizing.
Universal grade suitable for any purpose. This is a great option for private cultivation, when the owner will use the same cucumbers for preservation and for fresh consumption.
Best dutch cucumbers
Only after analyzing all the factors, you can choose the appropriate variety of cucumbers. If the site is close ground water, you need to choose seeds that are planted shallowly (1-2 cm). For suburban areas, where the owner visits only on weekends, hybrids with slow growth will do.Tip! It is very important not to confuse greenhouse varieties with those intended for open ground. Otherwise, a good harvest can not wait. These varieties have different terms of planting, ripening, requirements for irrigation, temperature and light.
One of the best representatives of the "Dutch" hybrid "Angelina". This is a very early cucumber, belonging to the category of "self-pollinated species." The cucumbers are medium in size, the length of the fruits reaches 14 cm. These are universal cucumbers, perfectly showing themselves in salting and tasty and crispy in salads. The hybrid is not afraid of shaded areas, it is resistant to most diseases characteristic of cucumbers. See the fruits of the cucumber "Angelina" in the photo below.