Growing potatoes is always accompanied by the struggle of gardeners with the invasions of the Colorado potato beetle. The method of destruction of the pest-leaf beetle everyone chooses at their discretion. The most effective is the use of modern chemicals. But not all gardeners want to use poisonous means on their site. Firstly, it adversely affects the state of the soil and plants. Secondly, not every drug is effective enough or requires constant repetition of treatments. Thirdly, the striped beetle does not respond to some of the funds after the first spraying, it can be said, it quickly adapts.
In nature, everything is harmonious, and therefore there are natural enemies of the Colorado potato beetle. These are insects and birds that feed on the beetles themselves, their eggs and larvae. For those gardeners who prefer the natural way to destroy a pest, it is very important to know who eats the Colorado potato beetle. Russian open spaces are poor in such insects - lovers of leaf beetles. The only representatives should be called gold-eyed
But more substantial assistance can provide species of domestic and wild birds. After all, the gilded eye on the plot will do more harm than good if it is diluted to destroy striped beetles and their larvae. And besides, adult Colorado beetles ladybirds and gold-eyed are rarely eaten.
Those gardeners who breed poultry are in a better position. Natural enemies of the pest species of poultry are:
- Partridges and pheasants ordinary;
- Domestic guinea fowl;
All of them successfully cope with leaf beetles and other pests in vegetable gardens, and at the same time they are highly valued for their dietary meat.Important! Turkeys and guinea fowls must cut their wing wings to prevent them from flying.
Natural antagonists of the "Colorado" are considered to be bedbugs, carnivorous beetles, field mice, toads, moles and lizards. What wild bird eats colorado beetles? These are cuckoos, hoopoe, crows and starlings.
Who eats the Colorado potato beetle
To appreciate all the benefits that poultry brings in the fight against the striped beetle, you need to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of each species.
Partridges and pheasants
Summer residents prefer to get gray partridges to get rid of leaf beetles, as well as their larvae.
These inconspicuous birds tolerate adverse conditions very well and easily withstand small violations of rearing requirements. Easily gain weight. Pheasants and partridges are biological defenders of gardens, not only from the striped beetle and its larvae, but also from the cabbage whitefish, weevil. These representatives of poultry are widely distributed in nature and are highly adaptable.
Sometimes gardeners use outdoor walking on a plot of pheasants.
Birds love to feast on pests of garden crops, but they can also trample down plantings. Therefore, do not leave them unattended.
Homemade guinea fowl
Unpretentious, common poultry. Guinea fowls carry hypoallergenic eggs, which are used in baby and dietary food. The larvae of the Colorado beetles are eaten directly from the plants, without raking the ground. The bird is very hardy, rarely gets sick, mainly due to poor-quality feed. Despite their small size, Guinean chickens can cope even with a large population of a formidable enemy of potatoes. They find adult beetles instantly, and the larvae for guinea fowls - a real delicacy. Gardeners consider guinea fowls as natural orderlies of their plots. They feed on many types of insects - pests, which have an invaluable benefit and deliver delicious meat to the table. Resistant to weather fluctuations and low temperatures. Can withstand from + 40 ° C to -50 ° C.
Require more attention when growing, demanding conditions. With adverse factors easily refuse food. More susceptible to diseases and have a complex temper, require a special approach.
Walking poultry in order to destroy the pest on the site should be carried out in early summer. During this period, leaf beetle larvae are actively developing.
Methods of teaching poultry
Chickens actively destroy the Colorado potato beetle begin after training.
Otherwise, they are indifferent to the larvae and do not peck them. To achieve a positive result, begin to teach youngsters aged 3-4 months. Learning technology is quite simple:
- At first, crushed larvae of the Colorado potato beetle are added to the feed. This is necessary to achieve associative visualization in domestic chickens and other types of poultry.
- Then, chopped potato tops or grated tubers are added to the usual food to make chickens accustomed to smell.
- A week after the start of training, the dose of supplements increased.
- As soon as the bird gets used to the larvae and potatoes, you can produce natural destroyers in the garden. They themselves will peck pests from plants.
This is necessary to keep poultry healthy.
How chickens can easily cope with a pest after preparation, you can watch the video: