Those strawberry lovers who choose a new variety for planting in their beds should pay attention to the Kama variety. He has many wonderful qualities that are valued in this culture. In this article, you can read a description of the variety of strawberries Kama, its characteristics, strengths and weaknesses, reviews of gardeners about it and see in the photo how it looks.
Strawberry Kama - a variety of Polish breeding. Parent forms for him were famous varieties Zenga Zengana and Cavalier. As a result of this cross-breeding, plants have turned out capable of producing a berry with the following qualities:
- sweetness and rich aroma;
- suitability for transportation;
- universality of use (fresh and canned).
This quality allows you to transport it, for example, for sale, which is valuable for those gardeners who grow berries for sale. If it is planted for actual consumption, it is better to wait until the strawberries ripen completely.
Description of strawberry variety Kama and her photo:
- bush low, compact;
- root system is powerful;
- the leaf is dark green, pubescent on the underside;
- peduncle drooping, powerful, below the level of the leaves;
- berries of a classical cone-shaped form and rounded rhombic with a noticeable neck, slightly ribbed, shiny;
- strawberries of medium size and weight (20-30 g), the first berries can be much larger;
- color - from bright red to dark red, burgundy;
- the flesh is sweet, rather dense;
- strawberry-strawberry aroma, pronounced;
- yellow seeds, sit shallowly;
- whiskers are small, but they are large.
The bushes of this variety begin to bloom early, the fruiting period takes 4-5 weeks (end of May - beginning of June). Productivity at the same time decent and makes up to 1 kg from a bush. However, it is noticed that after the first wave of large berries, the following become a bit smaller. The purpose of the berries is for fresh food, processing into juice and dessert preparations, for preservation and freezing.
Advantages and disadvantages
Kama strawberries have their positive and negative qualities, which gardeners need to know about who will want to plant it in their beds. Among the advantages of this variety are:
- early ripening of berries (in May and early June);
- long period of fruiting;
- drought tolerance, provided that the beds are mulched;
- small amount of whiskers;
- large berry of harmonious form;
- concentrated strawberry flavor and aroma;
- excellent yield.
But the special popularity of strawberries of the Kama variety is connected not only with its high yield, but also with the fact that it can be grown not only on ordinary beds, but also in the greenhouse, and accordingly receive a very early harvest.
For example, in greenhouse conditions, berries from strawberry bushes can be picked in mid-April. This quality should be paid attention to those gardeners who are focused on growing crops for the purpose of selling berries. This choice is also supported by the fact that in Europe Kama strawberries are grown on an industrial scale. And one more virtue of the variety - repairability: Strawberry bushes are able to bear fruit 1 or 2 times per season.
- sprawling bush, leaf mass too developed;
- plants require a large area of nutrition;
- peduncles located below the leaves;
- unstable to white and brown spots;
- requires shelter of bushes with agrofibre under the threat of spring frosts (flowers do not tolerate lowering temperatures below 0 ° C).
All this must be taken into account when planting and caring for strawberries Kama, so that the features characteristic of it do not come as a surprise to the gardener.
According to practicing gardeners, the most difficult moment in the cultivation of strawberries of the Kama variety is to wait until it fully ripen, pick up a rich taste and aroma, and not pick it off ahead of time. Otherwise, many speak of this sort as non-capricious and trouble-free. According to them, the Kama variety requires the same care as other unpretentious varieties of strawberries. Because it is quite popular and easy to get seedlings, the main thing is to acquire it from proven manufacturers - in this case there is a guarantee that it will be varietal.
Under the strawberries choose a place in the garden, which is perfectly illuminated by the sun, in the shade to plant plants is undesirable. Another condition - predecessors should be any cruciferous, legumes and green crops, onions, garlic. It is possible to plant strawberries for tomatoes and cucumbers, but it is undesirable. And it is not worth planting it at all after large plants that greatly deplete the soil - sunflower and Jerusalem artichoke.
The soil on the future strawberry plantation should be light, nutritious, loose, breathable and moisture-consuming, slightly acidic. Before planting seedlings need to dig, fertilize (humus, ash) and mix them with the soil.
On the day of the landing, the roots of the seedlings should be dipped in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection, and then planted in the wells. Landing scheme: 40-50 cm in a row and 60-80 cm between the rows. Thicker planting is not recommended, so that strawberries show their full potential, it needs just such a nutritional area.
You need to water young bushes every day or every other day while rooting is taking place. After strawberries take root, you need to water less often. However, strawberries of the Kama variety are quite drought-resistant, and with regular watering and mulch in the beds, the adult bushes do not fade even in extreme heat. If there is no mulch, then watering will have to be frequent, and after each such watering the land will need to be pierced to prevent the formation of a crust.
Kama plants are large and powerful, so they cannot do without supplements. As a fertilizer, you must use humus and wood ash as a source of potassium, which plants need for fruiting, or ready-made complex fertilizers. The first feeding should be carried out before flowering. Fertilization should be combined with watering. Also, before the start of flowering, it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment with insecticides against the weevil and strawberry mite, as well as fungicides against spotting.
Harvest strawberries Kama need as ripening berries. As already mentioned, the acquisition of a dark red color does not mean that they are fully ripe, so it is better to wait a couple of days, and only then pick the harvest. Since Kama flower stalks are drooping, then to prevent the berries from rotting under them, you need to put plates, pieces of slate and similar material. If there are slugs and grape snails on the site that are not averse to spoiling the berries, you can sprinkle needles around the bushes to fight them.
For the winter, Kama strawberry bushes need to be covered with hay, straw, leaf sprinkled from trees, spruce branches or synthetic covering material. In the spring, as warmer enough, it must be removed.
It is necessary to replace the old strawberry-bearing strawberry no later than in 4-5 years. It is unprofitable to keep it longer - the berries become shallow, their number decreases, and the yield drops sharply. For breeding, you can take a mustache from their bushes. Uterine plants should be young, 1-year-olds or, in extreme cases, 2-year-olds, whiskers should be the largest. Strawberries can be returned to the old place after 3-4 years.
Reviews and videos
Irina Leonidovna, 38 years old, PermSort Kama - fruitful and productive. The berries on the bushes ripen quickly, and they can be picked throughout the summer, as strawberries bear fruit several times during the season. However, after the first harvest, the berries are not so large, but still the same tasty, sweet and amazingly fragrant. Plant this strawberry necessarily for yourself and your children. Olga Semyonovna, 61, Stavropol Territory I spread strawberries of different varieties, but Kama always stands out among them. This is an early, fairly large-fruited, unpretentious and, most importantly, high-yielding variety. It differs in its unique taste and strong aroma, which gives the berries a special charm. I think the main advantage of this variety is repairmanship, which allows you to harvest yields and feast on delicious strawberries several times per season. Valery, 26 years old, Labinsk I like a strawberry from childhood, so I constantly grow it in my plot. After numerous experiments, he chose the Kama variety as one of the most promising. It has many advantages, and I believe that the disadvantages are not so significant and, with the right agrotechnology, they do not interfere with getting a crop of remarkably tasty berries.
Strawberry Kama deservedly won the love of Russian gardeners thanks to the sweet taste and strong, steady aroma. If you do not grow this wonderful berry on the plot, plant it without hesitation.