Ural beauty - unpretentious variety of red currants. It is valued for frost resistance, ease of care, the ability to endure drought. Berries have universal application. With the right choice of place for planting bushes bring a stable high yield.
Variety Ural beauty bred in the Southern Urals. Red currant tolerates the conditions of the middle belt, the Urals and Siberia.
Description of a grade of red currant the Ural beauty:
- medium fruiting;
- moderately sprawling plant;
- thin curved shoots;
- large leaves of rich green color;
- wrinkled concave leaves;
- long fruit brush.
Characteristic berries varieties Ural beauty:
- round shape;
- sweet and sour taste;
- average weight 0.9 g;
- table appointment.
Currant berries are used fresh. In home canning from the berries get jam, jams, compotes. The berries are frozen for the winter, added to smoothies, vitamin shakes, fillings for pies.
Planting red currants
Variety Ural beauty unpretentious to the place of cultivation. For a stable harvest, it is better to provide the plants with good lighting. For planting choose healthy seedlings. Previously under the currant prepare landing pits, which contribute organic and mineral substances.
Site preparation and seedlings
Currants are planted in areas that are constantly illuminated by the sun during the day. It is best to choose a place on the slopes where the plants are protected from the cold wind. Low-lying areas are not suitable for planting, since they accumulate moisture and cold air masses.
From fences and buildings can withstand 3 m, so that the currants are not in the shade. Bushes should also be located away from fruit trees that take nutrients from the ground.Important! Currant varieties Ural beauty prefers forest, chernozem and loamy soil. The soil of high acidity is planted before planting.
Choose strong saplings of currant with a length of 30 cm and healthy roots. One day before planting, remove all the leaves and lower the roots for a day in clear water.
Red currants are planted in September. Before the onset of winter, the plant will have time to take root. If there is no opportunity to perform work in the fall, then they are transferred to April. Then it is recommended to prepare a landing hole in the fall.
The sequence of work on the landing of red currants:
- A month before planting, dig a hole measuring 40x40 cm and a depth of 50 cm. Keep a distance of 1.5 m between the bushes.
- Add to the fertile soil 2 buckets of compost and 3 liters of wood ash.
- Pour part of the prepared soil mixture into the pit. Wait for the soil to settle, which usually takes 2-4 weeks.
- Cover the pit with the remaining soil. Place a seedling on top and cover the roots with earth.
- Tamp the soil and cut the shoots up to 20 cm. Leave 2-3 buds on the shoots.
- Pour 3 liters of warm water under the bush.
After planting, water the young plants every 4 days. To keep the soil moist longer, mulch it with humus.
According to the description, red currant Ural beauty requires minimal care. Enough to regularly water and feed the bushes. To preserve the harvest and the plants themselves, periodically carry out preventive processing. So planting protects against pest invasion and the spread of disease.
The Ural beauty variety is able to withstand short-term drought and lack of moisture. However, the long absence of watering delays the development of the bush. If the drought occurred during the formation of ovaries and berries, then a lack of moisture leads to a loss of harvest. Moisture stagnation is also harmful for currants. Arranging the drainage layer during planting helps to avoid it.Tip! Red currants provide intensive watering from early June to August.
Under each bush make 10-15 liters of warm distilled water. At first, at a distance of 30 cm from the currant, a circular furrow is made, to which moisture is introduced. Soil should get wet by 30 cm.
After making moisture loosen the soil and weed it from the weeds. As a result, the absorption of moisture and nutrients by plants is improved. To reduce the number of irrigations, the soil is mulched with decomposed manure or peat.
In the autumn perform the last abundant watering. Its purpose is to protect landings from winter frosts. Moist soil does not freeze deeply.
Fertilization activates the growth of red currant Ural beauty, increases its immunity to disease and increases yield. Top dressing begins in spring, when the snow melts and the growing season begins.
After winter, plants need nitrogen, which helps build green mass. In April, 15 g of urea is added to the soil. In June, the bushes are fed organic. At 10 liters of water requires 0.6 liters of mullein. The resulting solution is poured at the root.Important! In the future, nitrogen supplements are refused, so as not to cause the growth of shoots at the expense of yield.
In cool weather, foliar treatments are more effective. The bushes are sprayed with a solution consisting of 5 liters of water, 2 g of boric acid and 1 g of zinc sulphate. Processing on the sheet increases the number of ovaries. For the procedure, choose an overcast day.
After fruiting, plants need to regain strength. When digging the soil under the bushes make compost and wood ash. Of the minerals, you can add 50 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium sulfate.
Regular pruning of red currants The Ural beauty provides stable fruiting of the crop. The treatment is carried out in late autumn or early spring, when the growing season has already ended or has not yet begun.
The formation of berries occurs at the tops of the shoots. Therefore, the main fruit-bearing branches do not shorten. Pruning are subject to old shoots, which yield more than 7 years.
Be sure to eliminate broken, diseased, dry and frozen branches. The yield of currants depends largely on good illumination. A bush with a large number of shoots brings a small crop, so it needs to be thinned. A total of 15 branches per bush are left.
Protection against diseases and pests
For the red currant, the Ural beauty is characterized by moderate disease resistance. With constant care, the risk of developing diseases is reduced to a minimum.
For prophylactic purposes, plants are treated with special agents. Before blooming, they are sprayed with a solution of the drug Fundazol. 3 weeks after picking the berries, the processing is repeated.
Currant attracts aphids, gall midges, spider mites and other pests. When forming buds, the bushes are sprayed with insecticides Karbofos or Aktellik. In autumn, the plants need additional processing.
In the presence of a bush of red currant Ural beauty, you can get new plants yourself. The easiest way to get new seedlings with layering.
To do this, take a healthy escape and lower it into a pre-dug groove. The branch is fastened with metal hooks and covered with earth. Each week, the layering of spud and water. In autumn, the currants are separated from the original bush and planted in a new place.
New bushes of red currant are obtained by rooting cuttings. Annual shoots 20 cm high are separated from the bush. They are planted in a box filled with wet sand and kept at a temperature of +1 ° C. After 4 months, the cuttings are removed in a refrigerator or cellar until spring. When the snow melts, start planting currants.
If it became necessary to transplant currants, the rhizome is divided into parts to obtain new seedlings. Currant dig up and divide the rhizome with a sharp knife. Sections are treated with crushed coal. The resulting bushes are seated on the site.
Rita, 42, Belgorod / span> Red currant is an obligatory crop for growing on my plot. In winter, currant jam is the best source of vitamins. A few years ago, the Ural beauty planted a red currant. She chose according to the description of the variety, took into account resistance to temperature fluctuations and taste. In our region, the temperature can sharply increase or decrease by 15 degrees, which adversely affects wintering plants. Variety fully met expectations. Tastes of berries on top. Last year I noticed spider mites on plantings, so in the spring I plan to additionally process bushes with insecticides. Vasily, 37 years old, Perm Red currant cultivar Ural beauty attracted with her description. It is characterized by increased winter hardiness and ruggedness. Three years ago, landed three bushes of this variety. Fruiting began next year. Last year, collected about 10 liters of berries. The currant tastes good, refreshing in the heat. Marina, 29 years old, NovosibirskSort Ural beauty - an unpretentious and fruitful variety of currants. For all the time growing bushes never hurt. The berries are large, there is sour taste. Periodically spray planting to avoid the invasion of aphids. Otherwise, no flaws were noticed for the variety.
Currant Ural beauty - unpretentious variety, bringing a high yield, even in regions with unfavorable climate. Saplings receive independently or buy in nurseries. For reproduction using rhizome currants, cuttings or slips. Shrubs provide care, which consists of watering, dressing and pruning. Against diseases and pests use special preparations.