Among the many varieties of strawberries or strawberries, there are both varieties of domestic production, and those that have foreign roots. Since the 90s of the last century, numerous imported varieties, mainly from Holland, Spain and Italy, filled the berry market and gained such popularity that often under their guise you can find only fakes that have nothing to do with true varieties. But even many real varieties from Southern Europe and America are poorly adapted for their growing conditions to the Russian climate. In the best case, the yield obtained from them does not match the declared characteristics. In the worst case, the plants simply freeze or disappear for other reasons.
Strawberry saplings from Japan, a country that in many climatic characteristics is much closer to Russia, behave somewhat differently. All over the world, it is Japanese strawberries that are considered to be the most large-fruited, and, most importantly, having outstanding taste characteristics. After all, large-sized berries are rarely truly sweet, and the varieties of Japanese selection have a really sweet taste.
Tsunaki strawberries, a description of the variety and photos of which you can find in the article, leaves mostly rave reviews about themselves. However, there are still not very many people who grew it, since this variety appeared in the open spaces of Russia relatively recently. Many even believe that such a variety does not exist at all, as do the Chamora Turusi, Kipch, Kiss Nellis and other varieties similar to it, supposedly of the Japanese selection.
Variety description and history
Indeed, the roots of the emergence of the Tsunaki strawberry variety are lost in the fog. Moreover, on the Japanese and English-language sites no even the slightest mention of a strawberry variety with such a name was found. In contrast, for example, from the varieties under the names: Aibury, Amao, Princess Yayoi and others.
Nevertheless, the strawberry variety called Tsunaki with gigantic sweet berries continues to exist and in various parts of Russia it is grown by both ordinary summer residents and professional farmers. Another thing is that many large-fruited varieties really resemble each other in their characteristics and differ mainly in terms of ripening and, perhaps, the taste of berries. But, before turning to specific reviews of people who grow Tsunaki strawberries on their plots, one should nevertheless dwell in greater detail on the description of the variety and its characteristics.
It is believed that throughout the history of world breeding strawberry Tsunaki serves as an example of one of the largest and most productive varieties.
The appearance of the bush, indeed, is worthy of admiration and can serve as a benchmark for many varieties of strawberries. Shrubs have a powerful force of growth - in height and width, as a rule, twice the traditional and even remontant strawberry varieties.Attention! The height of the bushes reach 50 cm, and the diameter of the bush - up to 60-70 cm.
If you plant such a giant on your plot, you will unwittingly expect from it both giant berries and a good harvest. Both peduncles and whiskers differ in considerable thickness, from 0.5 to 1 cm in diameter. As many gardeners say, "thick as a pencil."
On the bushes of strawberries Tsunaki located a lot of leaves are also very large. It is enough only to note the fact that there are enough of them to securely cover the bushes for the winter and save them from frost in the winter, and berries from sunburn in the summer.
In plants of this variety and the root system develops very powerful and strong, which allows them to endure a short-term drought and develop significant resistance to frost.
According to reviews, the strawberry variety Tsunaki hibernates well without any shelters both in central Russia, in Belarus, and in the Urals, and in the Far East.
Tsunaki strawberries belong to mid-late varieties in terms of ripening - berries ripen around mid-summer. What is interesting, even if the berries are still not fully colored and the flesh has light pink or even white color in places, the taste is still sweet, sweet, not watery.
The yield of the variety is promising - on average 1.5-1.8 kg of berries are harvested from one bush. This strawberry, although it belongs to varieties of a short day, that is, bears fruit only once a year, can be grown in greenhouse conditions. In such conditions, with appropriate intensive care, the yield from one bush can reach three kilograms.Important! It is only necessary to remember that such yields should be expected from the bushes only in the second or third year of planting.
Tsunaki strawberries, having large sizes, develops rather slowly and grows and do not at all belong to skoroplodnyh varieties. For the first year after planting, it does not make sense to expect from her a big harvest.
On the other hand, this strawberry can easily grow in one place for five to six years, then it is desirable to rejuvenate the plantation. In the first years after planting, the variety produces a large number of whiskers, which take root, albeit well, but for quite a long time. They need to use for breeding strawberries Tsunaki. Since the formation of whiskers slows down with age and their number decreases.
Resistance to major diseases of strawberries in this class is medium. Gray rot is affected mainly with thickened plantings and when grown without mulching.
Characteristics of berries
Strawberries are undoubtedly grown for its luxurious berries, and Tsunaki is no exception. The following characteristics are characteristic of the fruits of this variety:
- The berries have gigantic sizes - up to 120-130 grams. The largest grow the very first berries on the bushes. In diameter, the berries can reach 7-8 cm.
- By the end of the fruiting, of course, they are somewhat shallow in size, but still they cannot be called small - on average, the weight of one berry is 50-70 grams.
- The color of the berries is bright red, with a shiny surface, inside they are even darker red.
- The shape of the fruit may not be the most beautiful and even - they are rather flattened, have characteristic scallops on the tops. Later berries may be more rounded, but bumps are still present.
- However, for someone the unsightly shape of the berries does not affect their taste - the flesh is dense and juicy at the same time. Unlike many other large-fruited varieties in the taste, along with a pronounced strawberry flavor, there is also a muscat flavor.
- Berries can keep well on the bushes and not fall off, despite their considerable weight and size.
- Despite its large size, the berries are quite firm and dense, so they are well stored and transported.
- The appointment is more than universal. Tsunaki strawberries are great for freezing, because after thawing, they retain not only their shape, but also their unique taste and aroma.
- Of course, Tsunaki strawberry is very good for fresh consumption, and it turns out very tasty preparations for the winter: compotes, jams, pastila, marmalades and other yummy.
Reviews gardeners and gardeners
The Tsunaki strawberry variety has become widespread in the Far East, possibly due to its territorial proximity to the Japanese islands. But it is also grown in the Krasnodar Territory, in Belarus and everywhere it is in great demand because of the excellent characteristics of the berries.Anatoly, 54 years old, Primorsky Krai. For the first time I bought a couple of Tsunaki strawberry bushes on the local market quite by chance about 6-7 years ago. Since then, she has been living with me among more than a few dozen other strawberry varieties that are promising for growing. Tsunaki bushes differ in strength, therefore I plant them according to the 60x70 scheme at least, although many other varieties, even remontant ones, are planted more often, following the 30x60 scheme. If you plant it more thickly, then all the savings will go sideways - you will not see the crop at all. As for various diseases, it is affected at the level of other varieties and brown spot, and gray rot, and tick. I process with different preparations, such as TILT-250 and SVITCH, approximately 30 days before harvesting and immediately after the end of fruiting. For the prevention of gray rot necessarily mulch either hay or agrofibre. If the berries do not touch the ground, then problems can be avoided. I harbor straw for the winter only the youngest landing, age 1-2 years. Older adults hibernate themselves, hide by their own foliage and this is enough for them. Shrubs grow rather slowly, so I get good yields only from the second or third year of cultivation. I try to leave no more than 8-10 horns on adult bushes, otherwise strong thickening will occur, and yields will also decrease. Olga, 43 years old, Chelyabinsk region I acquired two strawberry bushes of Tsunaki variety two years ago. I have little experience in gardening, but these bushes struck me from the very beginning - I have not seen such size of leaves yet. Peduncles were also thick and strong, and the berries are just huge. Only there were quite a few of them - literally 3-4 pieces per bush. I hope that next year the yield will increase, because I really liked the taste - sweet with some extra pleasant taste. Dmitry, 51, Krasnodar Territory I have been growing strawberries for the third decade. In recent years, he moved mainly to large-fruited varieties, since the harvest from them in the same area is always greater than from ordinary ones. I try to select varieties with a sweet taste, aroma, and good transportability. Of the five main varieties that I now grow, Tsunaki - I have the largest ripening size. The berries are mainly weighing 100 grams or more. Ripens late. It has been growing in one place now for five years and the yields are very good every year.
Tsunaki strawberries belong to the super-large varieties, while not losing either in taste, or in yield, or in frost resistance. Therefore, it will be interesting for a large number of gardeners and gardeners. Moreover, unlike many remontant varieties, its plantation can be laid for many years.