Astilba Fanal is a bright representative of shade-tolerant plants. The plant is valued for its unpretentious and decorative properties. The flower is grown from seed through seedlings. With the right choice of site for planting, astilba requires minimal maintenance.
Astilbe is a herbaceous perennial belonging to the stone-sawing family. In nature, the plant is found in East Asia and North America, in deciduous forests, on the banks of rivers and reservoirs. Since the XVIII century, the flower is grown in Europe.
Astilba Fanal is a hybrid obtained in 1930 by German breeder Georg Arends. The name of the variety is translated as "beacon" or "beacon light."
Description of astilba Fanal:
- height 60 cm;
- powerful rhizome, woody, shoots upright;
- leaves are shiny, about 40 cm long, unpaired, pinnate and dissected;
- edges of sheet plates gear;
- when blooming, the leaves have a brown or reddish tint; in summer they become saturated green;
- scapes and stems with a reddish tinge;
- crimson flowers, collected in paniculate inflorescences 20 cm long;
- inflorescence width - up to 8 cm.
Astilbe flowering Fan begins in June and July and lasts 20 days. The flowering period depends on the planting site and weather conditions. With high humidity and temperature astilba blooms earlier. In drought or cool weather, the beginning of flowering occurs in August. The flower is valued for its decorative properties. Inflorescences do not fade for a long time and remain on the bushes.
After the end of flowering in August-September, boxes with seeds are formed. They are collected for planting material. Seed germination persists for several years.
Photos of astilba Fanal:
Variety Fan is unpretentious, prefers dark areas. The plant is grown in flower beds and rabatkah. The flower looks good in single and group plantings. Shoots are used in the cut to create summer bouquets.
Seeds from the companies of Avista, Russky Ogorod, Flos, etc. are on sale. Planting material is also supplied from Holland.
Cultivation of astilbe
Variety astilby Fan is grown by planting seeds at home. Rassad provide the necessary conditions, and then transfer it to a permanent place. The seeds of the plant are also planted in open ground, but the seedling method is more reliable and proven.
Planting work starts in March-April. First, prepare a substrate consisting of an equal amount of peat and sand. Peat cups or commercial soil mix is allowed.
Before planting, it is recommended to steam the soil in a water bath for the purpose of disinfection. Another option is to keep the soil for several months in the refrigerator or on the balcony at sub-zero temperatures.Tip! Astilba is planted in boxes with a height of 15 cm or cassettes. When using separate containers, no pickling of plants is required.
Before planting, it is recommended to decontaminate the seeds by placing them for 2-3 hours in a solution of Fitosporin. The treatment will avoid seedling and adult plant diseases.
Astilba seed planting procedure:
- The prepared substrate is filled with containers.
- A layer of snow 1 cm thick is poured on the soil. In the absence of snow cover, ice from the freezer is used.
- The seeds are placed on top. As snow melts, planting material will be in the soil.
- When the snow has completely melted, the containers are wrapped in a plastic bag and kept in the refrigerator for 20 days.
Due to stratification when changing temperature regimes, the emergence of shoots is accelerated. When the first shoots appear on the ground surface, the containers are transferred to the room. In the future, astilby seedlings provide the necessary care.
Conditions for seedlings
Astilba seedling Fanal successfully develops when a number of conditions are met:
- temperature condition: from 18 to 22 ° C;
- regular watering;
- coverage for 10-12 hours.
Seedlings of the Fanal variety are watered with warm, settled water. When the soil begins to dry, it is moistened with a spray bottle. Moisture should not fall on the leaves and stems of plants.
Additional lighting set for seedlings, if daylight is not long enough. For seedlings acquire fluorescent or fitolampy. They are set at a distance of 25 cm from the plants and include the morning or evening.
When astilby seedlings appear 2-3 leaf, it is seated in separate containers. When grown in peat cups or cassettes, a pick is not required. The most gentle for plants is the method of transshipment, when they are transplanted into a new container with a clod of earth.
A couple of weeks before landing in the ground start hardening plants. First, you can open the window for a couple of hours to ensure the flow of fresh air. Then landings are transferred to the balcony or loggia. Hardening allows you to accelerate the adaptation of plants to natural conditions.
Landing in the ground
Place for planting Astilbe Arends Fanal is chosen in advance. In autumn, the soil is dug up, cleared of weeds and previous crops. The flower prefers loamy fertile soils. To improve the quality of the soil when digging add 2 buckets of humus and 1 tbsp. l complex fertilizer per 1 square. m
The flower is transplanted in late May or early June, when the spring frosts pass. Astilba Fanal grows well in partial shade. In the lighted areas, the plant blooms profusely, but not for long. The flower can be planted on the site with a high level of groundwater.
Ideal places for planting astilbe are the northern areas along buildings or fences. The plant is comfortable next to ponds and fountains, under the shade of trees and shrubs.
The sequence of actions for planting astilba Arends Fanal:
- In the spring on a bed carry out deep loosening by means of a rake.
- Pit sized 20 cm and 30 cm deep are prepared for planting. 30 cm is left between the plants.
- In each pit poured for ½ cup of wood ash.
- Plants are watered, carefully removed from the containers and transferred to the planting pit.
- The root neck is deepened by 4 cm. The soil is compacted and watered abundantly.
After astilba transplantation, the soil is kept moist. To reduce the regularity of watering will help mulching the soil with peat or humus.
Astilba Fan develops with minimal care. Plants are abundantly watered, especially in drought, the soil is loosened and weeded away from weeds. Abundant flowering astilby provide supplements mineral or organic substances. Autumn processing will prepare the plants for the winter.
Life time astilba in one place is 5-7 years. With good care, this period is extended to 10 years. Then the bushes are transplanted to a new place or are preparing for planting new plants.
Astilba Fanal is watered abundantly during the season. The soil in the beds should remain in a moist state. For irrigation take warm distilled water. The procedure is carried out in the morning or evening hours.Tip! In dry weather, astilba is watered 2 times a day.
After watering, the soil is loosened to speed up the absorption of moisture and beneficial components. The beds are weeded from weeds. It is possible to mulch the soil not only after planting, but also the whole season.
Photo astilbe Fan in landscape design:
Astilba's rhizome gradually increases upwards, so it is spud 2-3 times over the summer. Without hilling, the root system will lose access to nutrients and will die.
During the season, astilba is sufficient to feed several times. If the soil is quite fertile or was well fertilized in the fall, then fertilizing is carried out according to the sulfur of need. If the plant has a depressed appearance and slow development, then minerals or organic matter are introduced into the soil.
The frequency of feeding astilba fan:
- in the spring after the snow melted;
- before flowering;
- after completion of flowering.
To increase the green mass as a first feeding prepare fertilizer containing nitrogen. From organic substances use the infusion of mullein or bird droppings in the ratio of 1:15. Plants can be fed with a solution of ammonium nitrate. Then add 10 g of substance to 10 liters of water.
The second treatment of astilbe Fanal is carried out with the use of potassium. For a similar amount of water enough 2 tbsp. l potassium sulfate. After flowering, the plants are treated with a solution of superphosphate, which is poured at the root. On a bush take 20 g of phosphate fertilizer.
In autumn, when flowering is complete, astilba is cut to the root. Above ground level, 20-25 cm are left. The plant is mulched and covered with spruce branches.
According to the description, Astilbe Fan is a cold-resistant plant and tolerates winter frosts under the snow cover. In the absence of snow, the astilba is additionally covered with agrofibre. In the spring the shelter is removed.
Astilba Fanal - ideal for decorating shady areas of the garden. For abundant flowering plants provide regular watering and feeding. The flower is recommended to grow at home and in the beginning of summer to transfer to the open area.