Despite the annual appearance of new foreign varieties, the time-tested domestic tomatoes do not lose their relevance. One of the most popular hybrid tomatoes for open ground is Irishka tomato. Gardeners appreciate this hybrid for unpretentiousness, early ripening, good quality fruit. Farmers and large businessmen give preference to Irishka because of the high yields of this tomato and the excellent keeping quality of its fruits. The hybrid tomato is universal, as it can be used fresh, it is perfect for processing and preservation.
A more detailed description and description of the Irishka tomato variety is given in this article. Here you can also find a list of the strong and weak qualities of this tomato, recommendations for its planting and care.
Interesting facts about tomato
Ukrainian breeders brought a hybrid from the city of Kharkov. For more than ten years, tomato Irishka is in the state register of the Russian Federation and is recommended for cultivation in the Central region and in the North Caucasus district.
The variety of tomatoes Irishka is considered early ripening, as its fruits ripen in 87-95 days after the first seedlings emerge from the seeds. Short growing season allows growing tomatoes in difficult climatic conditions, avoiding the peak of the incidence of tomato in the plant, and gathering early harvest.
Full description of the Irishka variety:
- tomato determinant type with an end point of growth;
- Bushes of medium height, reach a maximum of 60-70 cm;
- bush sprawling, densely leafy, with a large number of lateral shoots;
- on the central stem of a tomato Irishka, as a rule, 6-8 fruit ovaries are formed;
- leaves are not very large, dark green, tomato type;
- The first flower brush of a tomato is formed in the sinus of the fifth and sixth leaves, the subsequent brushes are laid in every third sinus;
- Irishka gives the fruit a rich red color;
- tomatoes rounded, well aligned;
- the surface of the tomato is glossy, with a metallic sheen, has no edges;
- there is no green spot near the stem, the color of the whole tomato is uniform;
- The usual weight of tomatoes is 80-100 grams, which makes it possible to call them average in size;
- there are many cells inside the fruit - from four to eight;
- peel on tomato Irishka dense, not prone to cracking;
- taste characteristics are high, tomato is moderately sweet, with noticeable sourness;
- dry matter in fruits at the level of 3.6%, which allows them to transfer transportation and stored for a long time;
- The yield of the hybrid Irishka is high - about ten kilograms per square meter (on an industrial scale - 350 centners per hectare);
- Tomato tolerates heat and drought, but is afraid of low temperatures and high humidity;
- the variety is resistant to powdery mildew, tobacco mosaic and microsporioses;
- tomato has no immunity to late blight;
- The percentage of commercial fruits in a hybrid tomato is very large - about 99%.
The purpose of the tomato Irishka is universal - excellent pasta and mashed potatoes are made from fruits, tomatoes are good for first-class preparations, are tasty fresh and in salads.
Advantages and disadvantages
Among the hundreds of early-ripe hybrids, gardeners do not in vain emit a tomato Irishka, because he has many advantages:
- suitability for cultivation in open ground;
- heat and drought tolerance;
- even and beautiful fruits;
- high commercial quality of tomatoes;
- taste great;
- resistance to some dangerous diseases;
- transportability of tomatoes;
- simple care for determinative shrubs.
Cons of the hybrid Irishka too, and they must be taken into account when growing:
- poor resistance to late blight;
- fear of cold;
- the need for tying bushes (due to abundant fruiting).
As you can see, these shortcomings are very conditional - with proper care, they can easily be nullified.
Photos of bushes densely covered with even beautiful tomatoes, not one summer resident will not leave indifferent. Reviews of tomato Irishka also mostly positive. All this only encourages gardeners to purchase seeds of this variety and grow early tomatoes.
In growing tomato Irishka there is absolutely nothing complicated - a tomato is grown in the same way as other varieties with early ripening. And the first thing a gardener should do is to purchase ready-made tomato seedlings or sow the seeds on their own.
Attention! Growing seedlings of tomato Irishka is easy: the seeds are sown in loose nutrient soil, create greenhouse conditions, after germination, put the containers in a well-lit place. It remains only to water the tomatoes and swoop down the seedlings in the phase of the three true leaves.
Irishka tomatoes sown on seedlings around the first half of March. In open ground, these tomatoes can be taken out in 45-60 days - based on this, they calculate the exact time of sowing.
Tomato seedlings are brought to the ground when the soil warms up well - not earlier than the second half of May. Given the instability of Irishka to cold, it is recommended to cover the transplanted seedlings for the first time with film, creating greenhouse conditions.Important! The planting pattern of a low determinant tomato is 30-40 cm between bushes and 70 cm between rows. Wide aisles will allow the bushes to be well ventilated, to receive a sufficient amount of light, to facilitate the care of tomatoes and the harvest.
The soil for the hybrid Irishka should be loamy or sandy. More dense soils should be loosened with lowland peat or river sand. Since autumn, the earth has been fertilized with organic matter, potassium nitrate and superphosphate. Place for landing choose solar, protected from the wind. Elevated sites are more preferable than lowlands.
Irishka's tomatoes are very unpretentious, so they are also suitable for busy summer residents who have little time in the garden. After planting seedlings, tomatoes of this variety should have the following:
- Regular watering every 5-6 days. Watering the hybrid should be strictly at the root, so as not to wet the leaves and create ideal conditions for the development of blight. Water for irrigation should be warm. Time is better to choose the morning.
- For the season, Irishka's tomato needs to be fed under the root three times. The first dressing is done 10-14 days after planting the seedlings on the garden, using for this organic matter or nitrogen complexes. The next stage - before flowering, it is necessary to feed the tomatoes with mineral fertilizers with an emphasis on potassium and phosphorus. When the fruits are formed, make another portion of phosphate-potassium mineral fertilizers. In the intervals between the main dressings, a couple more foliar are used - by treating the whole bush with fertilizer (it is especially important during the dry season and during the long rainy season).
- To form the determinant tomato Irishka optional. But some gardeners accelerate the ripening of fruits, cutting off all stepchildren to the first flower brush. It should be remembered that this method leads to a decrease in yield.
- Aisle must be loosened after each rain or watering or use mulch.
- Irishka tomato bushes must be tied up before the fruit begins to sing. If the shoots are not strengthened, they can easily break off under the weight of numerous large tomatoes.
- Several times over the summer, the bushes need to be treated with fungicidal and insecticidal preparations.
Harvest should be in time to prevent over-ripening of tomatoes and not inhibit the ripening of the following fruits. Hybrid tomatoes ripen well, if you break them in the stage of "milky" ripeness.
Victoria, Irkutsk A couple of years ago I read about Irishka's tomato on one of the forums, saw photos of these tomatoes, and immediately wanted to try to grow them in my dacha. Last spring, bought the seeds and independently grown seedlings of this tomato. There were no problems: the seeds sprouted well, the seedlings were strong, they did not stretch out (although there were not very many suns in April). In the ground planted seedlings at the end of May, she got accustomed well (one plant out of three dozen fell out). Tomatoes started a lot, so the bushes had to be strengthened with supports. We collected the harvest of tomatoes until mid-September - all the tomatoes are round, even, about the same size. Our family also liked the taste of the hybrid, especially in the seams. Next year I will definitely put Irishka again!
Tomato Irishka - truly universal. Harvest can be used for personal purposes and for sale. It is cultivated not only in summer cottages and personal plots, but also on large farmer fields.
This hybrid is recommended to be grown in open ground, as in the greenhouse bushes are often affected by blight. Irishka tolerates drought and heat, but does not cope well with cold and high humidity. The main advantages of the variety are considered excellent fruit taste, high yield and unpretentiousness.