Many varieties of tomatoes have been deservedly popular for decades. Tomato Novice, the characteristic and description of the variety of which will be given below, is just such a plant. The authors of the tomato are Volgograd breeders, who presented an unpretentious and fruitful variety to gardeners. If you stop the choice on this tomato, you will always be with fresh salads and preservation.
Description of tomatoes
Tomato Novice is not a new variety, it has long been included in the State Register in the Lower Volga region. It is recommended to grow in unprotected soil or under temporary film shelters on personal plots and in farms.Important! On large plantations for cleaning, you can use the technique.
Characteristics of the bush
Tomato Novice is allocated compact bush, belongs to the determinant varieties with mid-term ripening. Ripe fruits begin to shoot days 110-127 after the emergence of shoots.
Plant growth is limited to a flower brush. As a rule, the height is from 50 to 80 cm. Tomatoes of the Novice variety are medium-rich. Medium-green leaves of medium size.
The first floral tassel on variety tomatoes appears above 6 or 7 leaflets. The following inflorescences in increments of one or 2 leaves. In the brush is knotted from 5 to 6 fruits, barren flowers are rare.Attention! Tomato Novice forms the minimum number of stepsons, they are only at the bottom of the stem.
Fruits at the Novice variety in the form of cream, elongated-oval. In each of them from three to five cameras. The color of the tomatoes may be red or pink, depending on the variety. But there are no stains.
Important! Tomato Novice pink, according to the characteristics and description of the variety is identical to tomato Novice with red fruits.
Just produce seed varieties Novice different companies. Hence the color variations. Tomato Novice Pink is produced by the company Search, and Novice Deluxe Pink is produced by the Gavrish seed company.
Fruits have a smooth and soft surface. The flesh is fleshy, the color corresponds to the variety - red or pink. Fruits of the Novice variety are tasty, with a barely noticeable acidity. As noted in the reviews gardeners, tomatoes with a bright tomato flavor.
The average tomato weight is 75-100 grams. The skin is dense, does not crack even in overripe fruits.
Fruits of the Novice pink or red variety are distinguished by high yields. Purpose is universal. Small-sized tomatoes are an excellent raw material for pickling and salting. The integrity of the fruit is maintained even under the influence of boiling marinade. Delicious fruits and fresh salads.Tip! Want to keep fresh fruits - wither them.
Advantages and disadvantages
If it comes to the description and characterization of vegetable crops, it is necessary to reveal the positive and negative sides of the varieties. Let's start with the pros.
The advantages of the variety
It should be noted that the tomato variety Novice pink or red has a lot of advantages, as gardeners often write in reviews:
- Medium early ripening, amicable yield of fruits. Harvest tomatoes Novice almost simultaneously.
- Bushes are low, with a minimum number of stepsons, which greatly simplifies maintenance.
- Tying is optional, but small pegs as a support will not interfere.
- High and stable yield, this quality is confirmed by numerous reviews and photos of gardeners.
From one bush of tomato varieties Novice collect more than two kilograms of tasty fruits. If we consider that on a square meter it is advised to plant 7 tomatoes, then the yield impresses the most experienced gardeners: from 12 to 14 kg.
- Excellent transportability of fruits combined with high keeping quality. At the same time, the presentation and taste are 100% preserved.
- Tomatoes Beginner universal purpose.
- The plants are cold and drought resistant. That is why tomatoes varieties can be grown in all regions of Russia in an open and protected ground.
- Grade Novice is not only unpretentious in the care. It practically does not suffer from diseases from which solanaceous crops suffer.
- Varietal quality and characteristics are preserved in the independent preparation of seeds.
But about the shortcomings so far nothing is known. For such a long time growing their gardeners are not noted. The only thing that will be a great return in case agrotechnics and rules of care are fully observed.
The excellent characteristics of the tomato variety Novice, the unpretentiousness of the cultivation, the possibility of mechanized harvesting make it possible to engage in crop production on a wide industrial scale. Moreover, the harvest can be collected from all the bushes at once.
Healthy seedlings - the key to harvest
Gardeners who have been involved in cultivation for many years have noted the simplicity of tomatoes and the simplicity of their cultivation. Agrotechnics, characteristic of the variety Novice, is no different from other tomatoes.
For tomatoes Novice pink according to the description is characteristic of the seedling method of growing. Seeds need to be sown 60-65 days before planting in open ground, a greenhouse or under a temporary film shelter.
Self-respecting gardeners never sow untested and unprocessed tomato seeds.
About the processing technique will tell below:
- Prepare a 5% saline solution (½ teaspoon of salt dissolved in half a glass of water). Seeds are dipped in it for a quarter of an hour. Viable seed will be at the bottom. With these seeds and continue to work. They are washed and dried.
- Then it is dipped in a solution of pink potassium permanganate (as in the photo) for a third of an hour, the seeds are again washed with clean water.
Due to the treatment in salt and manganese solutions, the seeds are disinfected. You can be sure that the disease spores, if they were on the seeds, will die. In addition, it stimulates germination, nutrition of seed.
Seeds can be sown dry or germinated before planting. For this, the treated planting material is wrapped in a damp cloth and left in a warm place. As soon as the little white roots come, they are immediately placed in the ground.Tip! In order not to damage the fragile growths, it is desirable to take the seeds with tweezers.
Preparation of soil and tanks
Soil preparation needs to be done in advance, five days before sowing. Many gardeners use ready-made formulations for seedlings that are sold in the store. In them, the nutrients are balanced. If the composition is prepared independently, then it should be turf ground, compost or humus, sand. In addition to the listed components, you must also add wood ash.A warning! Fresh manure is not added either under the seedlings or in the wells, otherwise the rapid growth of green mass will begin. In addition, there are many pathogens in manure.
Tomato seedlings Beginner can be grown in wooden or plastic boxes, containers. They are filled with soil and spilled with boiling water, adding potassium permanganate.
Sow seeds need to wet the soil at a distance of 2-3 cm. Close up to a depth of one centimeter. From above capacity cover with a film for acceleration of shoots. When the tomatoes begin to sprout, the cellophane is removed.
Features care for seedlings
Before germination maintain a temperature of 21-24 degrees. Then it is reduced by three days: at night around 8-10, in the daytime not higher than 15-16 degrees. As for lighting, it should be sufficient. Otherwise, seedlings of tomato variety Novice will stretch and be flimsy.
Water the seedlings as the top coma of the earth dries. The appearance of 2-3 true leaflets - a signal to the pick of tomatoes Beginner. This procedure is required. During transplantation, it is necessary to pinch the central root a little to stimulate the development of a powerful root system with lateral processes.
During the cultivation of seedlings tomatoes novice is not fed, if the soil was fertile. You can spend foliar feeding, powdered plants with wood ash. Water moderately so that the water does not stagnate.Tip! In order for plants to develop evenly, containers with seedlings must be constantly rotated.
Ten days before disembarkation, Novice variety tomatoes are hardened outdoors. The procedure is performed, gradually increasing the stay of plants in the air.
Tomatoes are planted in accordance with the climatic conditions of the regions, but already after that, when no return frost threatens. In the greenhouse - at the end of May, and in open ground or under temporary film shelters - after June 10th.
According to the description and characteristics, pink or red tomatoes of the Novice variety are planted in 7 pieces per square meter in a checkerboard pattern. The landing scheme in the picture below.
As for agricultural technology, it is traditional. It boils down to watering, feeding, loosening the soil and treatment of diseases.
To look after a grade of tomatoes the Beginner is simple and pleasant.