Araucana is a breed of chickens with such an obscure and confused origin, seasoned with an original appearance and an unusual color of egg shells, that there are many versions about their origin even in America itself. From the almost mystical "ancestors, the Araucans were brought by Polynesian travelers, and later chickens were crossed with an American pheasant-like bird (Tinamou) to get blue eggs" to be honest, "nobody knows yet."
Tinama has really blue eggs.
And it is partly even like both a chicken and a pheasant at the same time, which is caused by similar living conditions.
Russian version of the appearance of the breed
According to the most common version in RuNet, which penetrated even into Wikipedia, the Arakan chickens were bred by the Chilean Indians long before Columbus discovered the Americas. Moreover, the Indians of one of the Araucan tribes turned out to be not only great seafarers, who managed to deliver pheasants and domesticated chickens from the Eurasian continent, but also excellent gene engineers. The Indians managed not only to cross the chicken with a pheasant, this in itself is not surprising, they made breeding hybrids. Why crossed? For green or blue shell eggs. Where at this pheasant and chicken tails, just in case silent about. And the color of pheasant eggs is different from the color of Araucan eggs.
A much closer version of the truth is that in fact the region of origin of the Araukan ancestors is Southeast Asia, where the population has long loved cockfighting and breeding fighting breeds of chickens, which later became the ancestors of meat-laying chickens. The first mentions of hens, similar to the Araucan, are actually found almost immediately after the discovery of America by Columbus: in 1526. Given that the eastern boundary of the range of this variety of hens fell on Japan and Indonesia, it seems more likely that the Spaniards who were really excellent, unlike the Indians, were excellent navigators.Attention! When crypto-historical versions of events appear, it is better to use Occam's razor, cutting off unlikely versions.
The Indians also turned out to be gambling spectators of cockfighting, but they tried to select the tribe of tailless roosters, because they believed that the tail prevented a good fight. The breed of hen Araucana, apparently, finally took shape in Chile, but after the discovery of America by Columbus.
Reviews of owners of araukans at Russian farmsteads
Lidiya Sukhinova, Ust-Kamenogorsk All my life I lived in the city, but now decided to move to the village. Live for several years. To be honest, it is difficult to find any occupation here, so we decided to try to raise chickens and sell the egg. Ordinary white and brown eggs were taken reluctantly and cheaply, even large ones. And then I read in the network about one breed - ameraukana, which was bred by crossing with Araucana, carrying colorful eggs. I thought, why not take the Araucan itself and not cross it with other breeds of chickens. Found contacts breeders. At the same time I bought maranov, which have brown eggs. Pure-bred araukana disappointed that it really breeds very poorly. In addition, it was necessary to build different enclosures for Maran and Araucan. Araucan roosters are really very pugnacious. While trying to cross a rooster with an Araukana chicken and an Araukana rooster with a Maran chicken, raise offspring and see what happens. Then, perhaps, I will cross the cross between each other. Oleg Beloyanov, p. Intermountain To breed pure araukan for meat or eggs, I would not advise anyone. Roosters are constantly looking for someone to fight, low fertility in chickens, and even chickens survives nothing at all. Eggs are not particularly inspired by color, many other egg shells are much brighter. But if you cross araukan with other breeds of chickens, you can get very interesting colors from the eggs laid, and the egg production in such hybrids is often higher than that of pure breeds.
Araucana is a very original and interesting outwardly chicken, but the breed is poorly suited for beginners in kurovodam. Beginners are better to first take the breed easier, and experienced can experiment with both purebred and mixed breeds.