In winter, when good conditions are created, chickens can be carried in the same way as in summer. It will be good enough to warm the chicken coop. In optimal conditions, the layers should be comfortable enough. To do this, allocate enough space for them and create good lighting. It is better if the room temperature is from -2 to +20 degrees. In addition, chickens need good nutrition. To warm the frame hen house is better at the stage of its construction. In this case, you can not worry about the quantity and quality of eggs produced.
Features warm coops
There are certain rules that place chickens in a hen house. On one square meter must be placed from 2 to 5 heads. With a small room to settle the bird and can be denser. However, such conditions may affect the ability of chickens to carry eggs regularly.
In a cramped room should be equipped with more perches and nests. If you make a multi-tiered chicken coop, the chickens will feel more comfortable. It is necessary to equip and winter walking. When the temperature outside -15 layers can be released for a walk. However, it is allowed to do this only on windless days. To figure out how to build a chicken coop, you need to decide on the right materials.
Selection of materials
To build a chicken coop with a small cost can be made of foam concrete or cinder block. For the construction of the budget warmed coop it equip as a dugout. The walls are usually built to a height of about half a meter above the ground. Insulated windows are installed on the south side. They must be equipped with double or triple panes. It is necessary to do the weatherization of that part of the chicken coop, which stands above the ground. In order to increase the thermal insulation of the walls, it is possible to cover 3 sides (except the south) with soil.
If the breeding of birds is planned on a large scale for yourself or for sale, you should build a solid chicken coop of foam concrete. Such designs are quite warm and reliable.
Another good option is to create a frame barn for chickens. Since it is not large, the bar can have a small section. Sheath frame can be boards, as well as plywood or other sheet materials. Between racks fit insulation. From the inside, the frame is also sutured. To prevent the appearance of mice in the insulation, it should be closed with a metal mesh on the outside and inside. Her cells should be rather small, so that rodents could not get through it. Such work will require additional costs, but the fight with mice will cost more.
If the chicken coop is not insulated, in the middle lane you can build it from thick bars or logs. Stitches should be caulked. This will protect the chicken coop from drafts. Tow must be closed with slats so that the hens could not peck at it.
When building a heavy chicken coop, the walls of which will be quite massive, you should take a closer look at the shallow-foundation strip device. There are other options for creating grounds. Quite simple to install the column foundation. It is suitable for medium-sized chicken coops. If the construction is lightweight, you can simply install ready-made foundation blocks under it.
If the foundation is piled or columnar, supports must be installed at the corners and every 3 m. With such an arrangement of the pillars, it is possible to ensure an optimal distribution of the load on the base.
Warming the chicken coop
Heating and warming the chicken coop - the main tasks that are associated with the device of this design. In a warm room, even in extreme cold, you can not install heating appliances. In any case, when creating a heating system, it will cost a penny.
For a layer of insulation using modern materials. They are stuffed on the frame of the chicken coop both from the outside and from the inside. The main indicator when choosing a material is its price. The best value have a foam panel. They do well with the tasks of insulation, they are easy to mount on a special glue.
There are several common options for warming the chicken coop - mineral wool and polystyrene foam. In the first case, it is necessary to protect the insulation membrane. Outside the chicken coop, the mineral wool is closed with hydro and wind insulation, and from the inside with a vapor-tight membrane.
Quite a large number of positive properties differs and polystyrene foam. It has better insulation performance than foam, however, it has a high price. Mice do not like this material, which undoubtedly is its main advantage.
As a heater for the coop can be used and natural materials. The space between the two planes is filled with sawdust. Walls can be covered with clay. Such methods of insulation are inferior in quality to many modern building materials, however, the costs are minimal.
If the construction of a barn for chickens is done by hand in the southern region, "folk" insulation will be the best choice. However, in the central zone it will not be enough.
The ceiling of the chicken coop must be insulated. Under it always warm air masses accumulate. With insufficient insulation of the ceiling in the winter, the hen house will always be cold. From the bottom of the ceiling knocked slab panels. From the attic to the ceiling stack hay. This allows you to securely warm the room. With proper creation of the insulation layer, the layers will feel as comfortable as possible.
Chicken coop floors
Warming of floors is performed on the same principle as for any residential building. First lags are laid, then a heater is installed and it is covered with boards on top. To the coop was as warm as possible, the floors should be insulated with the highest quality possible.
Not always floors are made of wood. It can be mud. In this case, the straw and clay are mixed, and then left to dry. In addition, a concrete floor can be selected from the hen house.
When planning a chicken coop, care must be taken to create a vestibule. The presence of such an extension reduces the heat loss of the chicken coop and reduces the cost of space heating.
To figure out how to build a chicken coop with your own hands, you need to think about other aspects of creating such a structure. If there are severe frosts in the region, reliable heating of the chicken coop should be created. This rule is familiar to every owner of the house. A positive temperature in the hen house ensures the comfort of the hens.
If you can bring electricity to the hen house, the air in the house can be heated with the help of fan heaters or infrared lamps. The first option is cheaper. Their price can be quite high, however, they require little electricity during operation.
There are two types of automatic systems - programmable by time or by air temperature. Naturally, to heat the chicken coop is better to use the option that adapts to the temperature. When the room temperature drops to a certain value, for example, to 0 degrees, the heater turns on until the reading on the thermometer reaches +3 degrees.
Often for heating coops use infrared devices. They do not heat the air masses, but objects in the room. Usually such devices are installed under the ceiling of the hen house. When the birds get cold, they pile up under the heater. The main thing that the inhabitants of the coop was warm.
The disadvantage of infrared emitters is their burnout with frequent on / off. For this reason, it is better to turn them off quite rarely. Electricity such products consume little.
In addition, it is important to know other features of using IR lamps in chicken coops. Their surface is heated in the case when the design of the lighting device is not intended for such loads. Plastic cartridges are usually quite poor at keeping their shape. Ceramic products are quite rare. To improve fire safety should be performed for the lamp wire cage. This will avoid burns of chickens and strong heating of various objects in the hen house.
Oil-type heaters for placement in the hen house are ineffective. They consume quite a lot of electricity, are fire hazardous and generate little heat. Making homemade devices is even more dangerous.
Potbelly stove and cauldron
Another common house heating option for chickens is to install a boiler and batteries. However, this option is very expensive and will require a lot of effort. Another coop is heated by a stove. You can fold the stove a small size. The pipe is usually carried along the hen house. It should give heat to the maximum.Important! When building an iron stove, it is lined with bricks.
After heating, this material is able to retain heat for a long time. If the room is well insulated, one stove is enough for several days.
There is another way to heat a chicken coop. It is associated with the decomposition of sawdust and the associated heat release. However, this method works only on the condition that the insulation will be sufficient. Sawdust must be poured on the floor. The first layer should be done in the fall. It should have a height of 15 cm. After filling, sawdust should lie for about a month.
Thanks to this bedding, better insulation is carried out than when using hay. Chickens do not get sick, because sawdust can effectively regulate the level of humidity. In addition, layers adore rummaging in bedding. This will help them stay in shape during the winter period in conditions of limited walking.
After a month and a half, you need to fill a fresh layer of sawdust. He, too, must have a height of 10-15 cm. After the same period of time, it is necessary to fill in new sawdust again. Such an operation is repeated throughout the winter. By the end of the cold period, up to half a meter of sawdust accumulates on the floor. When creating such a substrate, even in severe frosts, the temperature in the chicken coop is maintained at 0 degrees.
When buried in the litter, you can find that the temperature in it varies within +20 degrees. Therefore, the hen part of the pits are pulled out and sit in them. In the spring sawdust should be carried out in the compost pit. Phased implementation of such actions will allow to keep the heat in the chicken coop.
To maintain a normal microclimate in the chicken house, the ventilation system must be properly equipped. Usually, it is necessary to find a plastic pipe of the desired cross section. It is placed under the ceiling. It is carried out through the roof and displayed at a certain height - about a meter. If installed correctly, natural thrust should be enough to get rid of the rotting air masses.
Fresh air usually seeps through the chinks in the walls. However, with careful warming and sealing of all design flaws, you will need to install a plastic pipe. It is mounted slightly above the floor level. The pipe is closed with a metal grid. In addition, it is necessary to perform the valve. Thanks to them, you can adjust the intensity of movement of air flow.
Another option for creating ventilation is to install a small fan directly into the wall. It will effectively draw stagnant air from the chicken coop. However, such a structure will require electricity.
The optimal indicator of humidity in the chicken coop is 60-70%. If deviations in both directions are observed, the situation should be corrected. Increasing the humidity is quite simple - in the room should be put more containers with water. Over the decline of this indicator will have to work. For this task, an infrared lamp should be installed in the hen house.
To understand how to build a chicken coop with your own hands, you need to familiarize yourself with step by step instructions. You can make it yourself. First, the base is made, then a wooden frame is installed, which is sheathed with boards or plywood. Care must be taken to properly install the insulation in the wall. After the construction of the roof is necessary to equip the chicken coop from the inside.
Windows are installed in each chicken coop. Despite the fact that through such constructions more heat goes away, they are necessary for a comfortable life of the layers. To make the bird feel normal, it needs sunlight. Frames of such windows are made with 2-3 glasses. Inside, they should be sewn with metal mesh. This is necessary for the safety of chickens.
In order for the chickens to fly well in winter, they should increase their daylight hours. It should last about 12 hours. For such a task in the chicken coop, you must include lighting. It is better if the controller is installed in the room. This will turn the light on and off in automatic mode.
At first, some hens will sleep on the floor, however, if it is warm enough, there is nothing to worry about. Gradually, chickens will get used to the mode of switching on and off the light. Such an option can be chosen - to make the bird an early rise. In this case, the light will be lit only in the morning.