Garden

Partenokarpicheskie varieties of cucumbers for open ground

The main role in the selection of cucumber varieties for planting in the open field is its resistance to the climate in the region. Also important is whether there is a sufficient number of insects at the site for pollination of flowers.

Features of self-pollinated varieties

By type of pollination, cucumbers are divided into parthenocarpic (self-pollinated) and pollinated by insects. In places where there are many natural pollinators, such as bees, the best options for planting in open ground are insect pollinated varieties. If they are few and natural pollination does not occur properly, it is advisable to plant parthenocarpic varieties. They have both pistil and stamens, so they do not need the participation of insects.

Partenocarpic varieties do not have barren flowers, which significantly increases the formation of fruits. Such cucumbers are less prone to disease, give a good harvest, their fruits do not have bitterness.

Another significant advantage is the fact that parthenocarpic varieties are resistant to temperature differences during the flowering period. This allows them to be sown in regions with an unfavorable climate. In addition, cucumbers grow about the same: curves, too small or too large fruits appear rarely.

When forming a bush of self-pollinated cucumber, it is tied to the wire not after the appearance of the seventh leaflet, as in the case of pollinated varieties, but when the plant reaches a height of about two meters. One of the best self-pollinated cucumbers that feel great in the open field are: Masha, Ant, Herman, Murashka, Zyatek, Avans.

Masha

Ultra-early hybrid variety, self-pollinated, fruits appear on the 35-39 day. It is characterized by a beam type of flowering and a long period of fruit appearance. Ripe cucumbers are cylinder-shaped gherkins, with large tubercles on the skin. They are good for eating and fresh, and for pickling. Variety tolerates difficult weather conditions, resistant to powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic virus.

Green wave

Early hybrid, self-pollinated, the harvest can be harvested at 41-47 days after the emergence of sprouts. It is characterized by resistance to diseases and adverse climate, gives a decent crop in any conditions, including in the shade. The plant is highly branched, fruiting long. In nodes appears from 2 to 7 ovaries. Cucumbers are lumpy, with white spikes, grow to a length of up to 11.5 cm. They have high taste properties and crunch well.

First grade

Early ripe, productive hybrid grade. Brings fruit in any conditions of growth, unpretentious in the care, the cucumber is characterized by good yield of the crop. Cucumbers with a rare fuzz, grow 10-12.5 cm in length, dense, crispy, have a great taste and pickling, and in natural form. In the nodules appears from 2 to 5 ovaries. Cucumber is resistant to infection with olive spot, powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic virus.

Focus

Early ripe cucumber with female-type flowers. It has an average branch, appears in nodes from one to four ovaries. Cucumber cucumbers, with whitish spikes, 11-14 cm long, 105-125 cm in weight. Shade-tolerant variety, has high taste qualities. It is resistant to infection with the mosaic of cucumber and olive blotch.

Important! When choosing a hybrid variety of cucumbers, it should be remembered that the seeds for planting next year cannot be obtained from them. You will need to buy planting material annually.