It would seem: onion harvesting is the simplest of all garden affairs, because the turnip needs to be pulled out of the ground and the feathers should be cut. But not everything is as easy as it seems at first glance. The most difficult thing is to determine the time when digging onions. If you start harvesting a little earlier or, on the contrary, to miss the right moment, it will certainly affect the keeping quality of the bulbs - the vegetable may not last until next season.
When onions are removed from the beds, how to preserve the harvest of onion turnips, having dug it in suitable time, - answers in the article.
When to collect onions
The timing of harvesting a crop such as onions depends on several factors at once. In this case, you must take into account such things as:
- Variety of vegetables. After all, onions are not only onions, in Russia they often grow leeks, shallots or family varieties; you should not also forget about sevka, from which the next crop will grow.
- The rate of ripening culture. Ordinary varieties of onions ripen on average for 70-75 days.
- Weather conditions can also affect the rate of ripening, because on a cold summer, the turnip will remain green longer, and the intense heat, on the contrary, will quickly dry the feathers, speeding up the harvest time.
- Humidity soil is important. Watering onion beds must be stopped 10-14 days before the expected date of harvest. If in the region the last month of summer is usually rainy, the gardener must harvest before the beginning of the rainy season.
In general, it is very difficult to determine exactly when to remove a bow from a garden bed for storage. It does not help inspect the bulb, test it for taste or some other way. The main rule of the gardener, in the case of a turnip, is: "Feathers will tell you when to remove the onion from the garden."
This means that the gardener should pay more attention to the above-ground part, and not inspect the bulb itself. When harvesting dates are suitable, feathers manifest themselves in the following way:
- Begin to turn yellow and dry.
- Lie down on the ground.
So, as soon as the green part of the onion turned yellow and instead of the vertical position it took the horizontal, it is time to pull the turnips out of the ground.
Attention! You should not wait when all the feathers in the garden will fall, so you can wait for the beginning of the rainy season. Half lodged bushes indicate that the time for harvesting onion turnips has come.
The optimal time for harvesting onions
In different regions of the country, the yellowing time of turnip feathers may occur at different times. This is facilitated by weather conditions - they can also affect the rate of ripening of the bulbs.
In most regions, the harvest time for onion turnips coincides with the last days of July. As a rule, the rainy season and night cooling begin in August, which leads to bulb rotting and plant infection with fungal diseases.
You can say one thing, if the weather is cool and overcast, and the onion feathers are still green and are not going to fall, you can wait until the end of August. It is only important not to miss when to remove the onions from the garden, and for this you will have to regularly inspect the plants and follow the forecasts of weather forecasters.
Important! In any case, do not delay with cleaning - the onion-turnip should be collected before the beginning of September.
What to do if the onion does not turn yellow
Sometimes it also happens that the gardener is already ready to remove the onions, and the time, it seems, has come, but the feathers do not turn yellow or dry, on the contrary, they stand in even green order. In this case, the turnip onion needs a little help, because during the allotted time the turnips had to be fed with all the useful substances and put on strong husks.
If the feathers do not dry, and autumn is already on the nose or according to forecasts rain is coming, you can try the following:
- dig under the bulbs with pitchforks and slightly raise the turnips;
- cut the roots of plants with a sharp shovel;
- remove ground from bulbs, exposing heads;
- undermine the onion by hand, depriving the roots of contact with the nutrient medium.
In this case, it is important to understand that it is necessary to cut the roots, in no case should you cut off or mow the above-ground part of the plants. The wrong tactics will lead to the infection of the bulbs, whereas depriving the roots of food contributes to the drying up of the foliage and the outflow of useful substances from the above-ground part of the plant to the underground.
When it is necessary to collect onions it is clear, now it is necessary to decide how to do it correctly.
Rules of harvesting onions
Onion turnips will be well kept only under mandatory conditions:
- if it is assembled correctly;
- if the turnips are healthy and well protected by the husk;
- if storage conditions are met.
It is necessary to clean the bow, following these guidelines:
- Choose to clean a dry sunny day. Well, if the weather, besides it will be windy.
- View meteorological reports a couple of weeks in advance — there should be no rain.
- From light soils, onion can be easily reached by hand, for this it is enough to pull the neck. In more dense and drained soils, heads will have to be digged with a shovel or pitchfork.
- It is not necessary to dig the beds directly, you must retreat at least 10 cm from the row with the bow - so the heads will not be damaged.
- Dug onions can be left on the garden, folding their heads in one direction, if the weather promises to be dry and sunny. Otherwise, the harvest should be attributed to the canopy, spread out on the floor of the attic or shed.
- The turnips should be well ventilated, so it makes sense to create a draft in the storage and place the crop on the grid. It is necessary to fold the bow in no more than three layers.
- You can trim the feathers when the neck is dry. It will happen somewhere on the 10-12th day after harvesting from the beds.
- Cut the onions with sharp scissors, leaving 8-10 cm of the neck. The roots are also pruned, leaving the processes 1.5-2 cm. So, the bulbs will be stored as long as possible.
- The cut onion is dried a little more and sent to storage.
Important! The bulbs with torn or cut ends of the Donets will not survive the winter, therefore such specimens are selected and tried to be consumed as early as possible.
Dug onions are usually stored in wooden boxes, boxes or baskets. It is very effective to weave braids from a bow and hang them up from the ceiling - in this case, the feathers are cut not so short, leaving at least 15 cm.
Definitely it can be argued that the bulbs need dry cool air and a minimum of sunlight.
When to collect onions of other varieties
All of the above applies to only one type of culture - bulb onions. But gardeners grow other varieties whose harvesting rules may differ.
Attention! Not for all varieties of onions the yellowing of feathers is considered an indication for cleaning.
For example, leek should not dry out, on the contrary, this culture is removed along with green feathers, only slightly cutting their tops. Determining the appropriate time for harvesting is simple - you need to read the recommendations of the seed producer, find out the vegetation duration of a particular crop.
The leek has no external signs of full maturity, this variety can remain in the ground until the first frost begins. Even in this case, for the first time, you can use the covering material, and pick the right amount of vegetable, if necessary.
Before storing the leek, clean the damaged leaves and wash them thoroughly, then fold the head to the head and place it in a cool place (in the refrigerator) in a plastic bag.
Onion sets are cleaned in the same way as regular onions. The peculiarity lies only in the small sizes of the set-up and, accordingly, in its early maturation. When the feathers turn yellow and fall, it's time to pull out the sevok. After that, the bulbs are aired, dried, cut feathers, leaving 2-3 cm, and sent to storage.
The family variety grows in nests; onions have an elongated shape and small size. Such a variety ripens, too, a little before the usual onion variety. Some gardeners keep such onions in nests, others divide them into individual bulbs - practice has shown that this is not important.
There is nothing difficult in harvesting and storing onions, the main thing is not to miss the right moment for harvesting and to dry the heads thoroughly before putting them in storage.
If the onions are gathered too early, their scales will not stiffen and will not be able to protect the heads from cold and damage, later harvesting can lead to rotting of the bulbs in the ground and infection of their infections.