A common legend that the name "guinea fowl" comes from the word "Caesar", that is, it is the "royal bird", attracts many fans of the poultry industry. The color of guinea fowl is also very beautiful, although often it depends on the breed of guinea fowl. Most of them have a feather in a small speck, because of what the bird seems to be sprinkled with small pearls.
The photo of the guinea fowl "average" color. They may be white, with a blue feather or piebald.
The origin of the guinea fowl from North Africa and brought to Europe by the ancient Greeks. True, at that time Europe was not delighted with these birds, and the number of guinea fowl was reduced to zero. These birds were already brought to Europe by the Portuguese in the 15th century from West Africa.
The guinea fowl does not belong to the family of pheasants (chickens, peacocks, pheasants, turkeys), they have their own family, of all the genera of which only the guinea fowl are domesticated.
Guinea fowls have a tasty dietary meat, the quality of standing between game and domestic chicken.Comment! Festations at guinea fowls are very dense, so you still need to be able to get to the grilled, tasty meat, and when cooked, guinea fowl does not differ much in taste from chicken.
In countries where guinea fowls are bred, birds are usually stewed or fried over very slow fire.
The domesticated guinea fowl is a bad mother. Perhaps the fact is that in captivity the guinea fowl cannot make a nest for itself. In nature, guinea fowls nest is a dimple in the ground, where the bird lays up to 8 eggs. But guinea fowls are very shy. If in nature they can find a secluded spot where they can sit eggs, then in captivity it is almost impossible. And if the fowl frighten, she will throw the nest.
It is precisely because of fearfulness in captivity that guinea fowl hatch in an incubator. There is one more thing. In nature, guinea fowls breed during the drought period, as their young are very sensitive to damp and cold. Such conditions are easy to create for guinea fowls in the southern Mediterranean, but much more difficult in more northern conditions. And even in nature, tsaryaty can easily die, getting soaked under the dew that fell out in the morning. When all these conditions are taken into account, the incubator is more reliable.
Although it happens that a chicken or a turkey is used to incubate a chicken. You can bring together chickens and hens under the chicken. But since chicken ducks require a week more time than chickens, chicken eggs are placed under the hen a week later. And turkey poults are the same terms with chicken ducks, eggs can be put under the turkey at the same time.
Incubation of Guinea Fowl Eggs at Home
For incubation, chickens eggs are suitable for a storage period of at least a week and weighing at least 38 g. The eggs must be brown in color. May be both light and dark brown. Mandatory requirement: durable shell.Tip! The strength of guinea fowl eggs is checked by tapping them against each other.
If the eggs make a rattling sound, they are not suitable for incubation. In their shell there are microcracks invisible to the naked eye. Most likely, pathogenic microflora has already penetrated through these microcracks, which will multiply rapidly in the warm and humid environment of the incubator. Even if the infection is not there yet, the liquid will quickly evaporate through the cracks and the embryo will die anyway.
Guinea fowl rush from 8 months, but the hatching egg is collected from birds that are one year old. For breeding, eggs begin to be harvested only in the third week of egg-laying, since the first eggs may be unfertilized.
Before laying the future, the hatching egg is stored in a room with a temperature of 12 to 15 degrees. Best of all, an old but still working refrigerator will suit the role of a room. If you store the guinea eggs in cartons from under the eggs, then they should be put with a blunt end up. Can be stored on the side, but in this case it is necessary to turn the eggs 2-3 times a day.
Important! Only pure eggs are suitable for bookmarks for incubation.
Guinea fowl - a bird in relation to the breeding bedding is very sloppy. To keep eggs clean, they must be harvested 3-4 times a day. In addition to all the troubles, the guinea fowl in freedom lays its eggs anywhere, just not in the nest prepared for it. This, from the point of view of the poultry farmer, the nest is ideal for egg-laying. At guinea fowls your opinion. Therefore, guinea fowers will have to maintain either in the aviary, or to look for places where they have decided to build their own nests.
When incubating chickens eggs at home, it is necessary to strictly observe hygiene measures. First of all because of the untidiness of the birds themselves.
When preparing eggs for incubation, in addition to external inspection of the eggs, it is necessary to rinse with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The solution of potassium permanganate should be freshly prepared. Contaminated places are gently rubbed with a soft cloth. It is important to try not to damage the protective film, without which pathogenic bacteria can penetrate. After rinsing, the eggs are dried.
Before laying the eggs in the incubator, they are viewed with an ovoscope. Similar requirements in the event that the eggs are planned to be laid under the hen.
Incinement of guinea fowl
Since chickens are often bred under chicken, and setting up an incubator to the needs of each type of bird can be not only difficult, but simply impossible, many poultry farmers believe that the incubation of guinea fowl can take place under the same conditions as the incubation of chickens.
Important! The openings through which air exchange takes place must remain open.
To reduce the humidity it will be enough to reduce the water "mirror" or remove the "insulation".
Since guinea eggs do not require a large percentage of moisture like duck or goose, the hatchability percentage is higher. And even with the "chicken" mode of incubation, breeding guinea fowls will be quite profitable occupation.