A good crop of cucumbers depends on correctly placed accents: the choice of time for sowing planting material, soil fertility, varieties of vegetable crops and adherence to agrotechnical methods of cultivation.
It is possible to get a high-quality and good crop of cucumbers if you know the agrotechnical methods of cultivation and the time that is suitable for planting the crop. Cucumbers are a heat-loving plant, so the sowing of seeds in May is carried out when the weather is warm and the thermometer does not drop below +10 ° C at night. Folk omen says: "If dandelions are flourishing in large quantities, then it is time to sow the seeds of vegetable culture."
Planting time of cucumbers, depending on climatic conditions
In the second decade of May, in Moscow and the Moscow region, seeds are sown under film and in a glass greenhouse, in the end of May - into a temporary removable greenhouse.
The optimal time for sowing seeds in the Middle Urals. The harsh climate does not allow to sow cucumbers in open ground. Planting culture is carried out through seedlings, which are grown at home and transferred to the greenhouse in late May.
Planting culture in the Urals. In the first decade of May, seedlings are planted under the film in the soil with biofuel, in the third decade - in greenhouses without humus.Attention! Only after the 20th, it is possible to land tender plants in open ground, but using shelter. Otherwise, cold weather will destroy the seedlings.
When planted in the Leningrad region. The seedlings are sown in late April and early May. The grown culture is transferred to a glass or film greenhouse in the third decade of May.
Planting vegetables in the Crimea. Sowing seeds in open ground is carried out in early May, this time is considered favorable for planting seedlings.
Calculating the timing of sowing cucumbers
Seedlings transplanted into a nutrient substrate at the age of 25-30 days. Plants should be with 3-4 well-developed leaves and reach a height of 30 cm. When calculating the time takes into account the rate of ripening varieties:
- early ripening cucumbers begin to bear fruit 32-45 days after the planting process;
- mid-season - 50 day;
- late ripening - 55-65 days.
Correlating varietal characteristics of each species and climatic conditions, you can get a rich harvest.
What signs to pay attention to when choosing cucumbers
Buying seeds of varieties and hybrids, pay attention not only to the size and shape.
What does the appearance of cucumbers
Vegetables with pubescence. Spike fruit is thick or may be completely absent. Next to the small spikes will be located large. Yes, and the color itself pubescence has differences. There are varieties and hybrids with whitish, black and brownish thorns.
White cucumbers are suitable only for everyday use in food, for cooking salads. Such fruits are not suitable for salting.
Universal type of cucumber - fruits with brown or black spikes. All varieties of this type are intended for cultivation in greenhouses and in open ground. Of these, you can cook salads, pickled for the winter.Attention! When choosing a variety is required to take into account the climatic conditions of the region.
The best varieties of vegetables for outdoor cultivation
For early harvest is recommended to grow the following varieties of cucumbers.
The variety is resistant to powdery mildew and bacterial diseases. Fruits can be canned. The "competitor" is planted in nutrient soil and plentifully watered. If you neglect these conditions, the fruits will be dry and bitter.
- gives a stable and high yield;
- characterized by a long period of fruiting;
- from 1 m2 landings can collect up to 3.5 kg of cucumbers;
- fruits have a good appearance and excellent quality;
- Seeds have good germination.
Along with the advantages, it is possible to identify and disadvantages. If the fruits are not removed from the bed in time, cracks appear on the peel and the aroma of the fruits disappears.
The early ripe grade won sympathy of gardeners. In addition to excellent yield, the variety is famous for its resistance to cold. From sowing to the entry of the crop into fruiting, it takes an average of 50 days. It is a good pollinator. Sowing seeds in the soil is carried out depending on the climatic conditions of the region.
The variety is undemanding to care, needs regular watering with warm water. Responds well to fertilization. Feed need 1 time in 10 days. When 3 true leaves appear on the plant, you will need to pinch the tip to ensure the growth of the variety.
Fruits of ellipsoid form are weighing up to 125 grams. Cucumbers long retain freshness and taste. Designed for salting.
Treats early ripe grades. Enters fructification for 45 days after sowing seeds. Can be grown in greenhouses and in open field. Tasty, crunchy, aligned fruits have a spindle-shaped form with small, clearly visible tubercles. Suitable for salads and marinating.
Features of the variety:
- resistant to powdery mildew;
- requires abundant watering;
- planting is carried out in light, fertile soil.
Care is the loosening of the soil, fertilizing and weeding.
What cucumbers are suitable for salting
"Competitor" and "Cascade" - the most suitable varieties for canning. But, besides them, the following varieties are worthy of attention.
Ideal for outdoor cultivation. Fruits reach a length of 10 cm and have a pleasant green color. Gives a high yield. Diseases such as downy mildew, anthracnose, bacteriosis - are not terrible to the plant. It is used both fresh and suitable for canning.
Seeds are sown in open ground when the soil warms to +18 ° C. Culture is very sensitive to a decrease in temperature: growth stops and it becomes susceptible to various diseases.
Bee pollinating variety. From planting to fruiting 45 days pass. The plant has long, branched rods. Does not differ in density of foliage that simplifies works on harvesting. Fruits have an elongated shape, similar to an ellipse.
- high yielding;
- prolonged fruiting;
- good taste, lasting up to 2 days;
- resistant to drought.
Among the shortcomings can be called the presence of barren flowers and the rapid yellowing of fruits.
Fruitful hybrid varieties
Marking indicates that the variety was obtained by crossing.
Distinctive properties of hybrids:
- good yield;
- enviable endurance;
- pleasant taste of the fruit.
Every gardener has the hope that his work will not be wasted, and the harvest will be high. I want to cucumbers enough not only to eat, but to preserve for the winter. Among the huge selection of planting material, many are at a loss and do not know which high-yielding variety to prefer. The yield of the crop depends on the soil in which it will be grown, and on compliance with agricultural practices. Consider the most high-yielding varieties.
Tall plant with predominantly female flowers. The ovaries are formed by a bundle: up to 3 fruits in one node. The plant is resistant to powdery mildew, anthracnose, spotted olive. From germination to harvest takes 50 days. Slightly bumpy fruits reach 10 cm in length, characterized by the absence of bitterness. The flesh is soft, crunchy.
- resistant to drought and disease;
- for a long time preserves the quality of goods;
- long period of fruiting;
- high yield;
- suitable for salting.
Among vegetable growers is very popular. From 1 m2 You can collect up to 10 kg of fruit. Early ripe hybrid with cylindrical, low-tubercular oblong fruits. On the background of dark green color of cucumbers you can see white stripes. The variety is pollinated without insects. Resistant to diseases.
Seeds do not require presowing treatment: disinfection, soaking. They can be sown dry in open ground in early May. If the cultivation occurs rassadnym way, the young plants are transferred to the garden in the third decade of May.
Varieties of pickles for canning
Not all varieties are suitable for salting. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, you will need to carefully study the instructions for growing a particular variety. But the best varieties for home canning are as follows.
Suitable for growing in the open-air beds and film greenhouses. The hybrid of average term of maturing possesses good productivity. In nodes laid up to 4-6 ovaries. It is characterized by indeterminate, good formation of lashes, strong growth. The foliage of the plant is green, with faint waves visible on the edge. Fruits are spindle-shaped with weak tubercles and black spines. It is famous for its high pickling qualities. Resistant to many diseases.
The plant is characterized by powerful growth, has shortened internodes. Cucumbers are painted in intense green. Soft skin does not taste bitter. Zelentsy have high taste.Attention! Initially, the variety was bred for eating raw, but the fruits are suitable for salting.
- grows well in greenhouses and in the open field;
- has mostly female flowers;
- high yield;
- resistance to low temperatures, diseases.
There are also disadvantages. When watering the soil, the plant becomes ill with powdery mildew.
All information about growing cucumbers can be found in the video:
Cucumbers contain many vitamins, minerals, so necessary for maintaining health, especially during the off-season. Therefore, every gardener is stocked with seeds and since May, has been engaged in the cultivation of cucumbers.